Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-08

AUTHORS

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, M. Zepf

ABSTRACT

Modern high-power lasers can generate extreme states of matter that are relevant to astrophysics1, equation-of-state studies2 and fusion energy research3,4. Laser-driven implosions of spherical polymer shells have, for example, achieved an increase in density of 1,000 times relative to the solid state5. These densities are large enough to enable controlled fusion, but to achieve energy gain a small volume of compressed fuel (known as the ‘spark’) must be heated to temperatures of about 108 K (corresponding to thermal energies in excess of 10 keV). In the conventional approach to controlled fusion, the spark is both produced and heated by accurately timed shock waves4, but this process requires both precise implosion symmetry and a very large drive energy. In principle, these requirements can be significantly relaxed by performing the compression and fast heating separately6,7,8,9,10; however, this ‘fast ignitor’ approach7 also suffers drawbacks, such as propagation losses and deflection of the ultra-intense laser pulse by the plasma surrounding the compressed fuel. Here we employ a new compression geometry that eliminates these problems; we combine production of compressed matter in a laser-driven implosion with picosecond-fast heating by a laser pulse timed to coincide with the peak compression. Our approach therefore permits efficient compression and heating to be carried out simultaneously, providing a route to efficient fusion energy production. More... »

PAGES

798-802

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35090525

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35090525

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018191858

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11518960


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