Observation of individual vortices trapped along columnar defects in high-temperature superconductors View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-08

AUTHORS

A. Tonomura, H. Kasai, O. Kamimura, T. Matsuda, K. Harada, Y. Nakayama, J. Shimoyama, K. Kishio, T. Hanaguri, K. Kitazawa, M. Sasase, S. Okayasu

ABSTRACT

Many superconductors do not entirely expel magnetic flux-rather, magnetic flux can penetrate the superconducting state in the form of vortices. Moving vortices create resistance, so they must be 'pinned' to permit dissipationless current flow. This is a particularly important issue for the high-transition-temperature superconductors, in which the vortices move very easily. Irradiation of superconducting samples by heavy ions produces columnar defects, which are considered to be the optimal pinning traps when the orientation of the column coincides with that of the vortex line. Although columnar defect pinning has been investigated using macroscopic techniques, it has hitherto been impossible to resolve individual vortices intersecting with individual defects. Here we achieve the resolution required to image vortex lines and columnar defects in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta (Bi-2212) thin films, using a 1-MV field-emission electron microscope. For our thin films, we find that the vortex lines at higher temperatures are trapped and oriented along tilted columnar defects, irrespective of the orientation of the applied magnetic field. At lower temperatures, however, vortex penetration always takes place perpendicular to the film plane, suggesting that intrinsic 'background' pinning in the material now dominates. More... »

PAGES

620

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35088021

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35088021

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052323803

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11493915


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Materials Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Japan Science and Technology Agency", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6", 
          "name": [
            "*Advanced Research Laboratory, Hitachi Ltd, Hatoyama, Saitama 350-0395, Japan", 
            "\u2020CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tonomura", 
        "givenName": "A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012050060125.11", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012050060125.11"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Japan Science and Technology Agency", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6", 
          "name": [
            "*Advanced Research Laboratory, Hitachi Ltd, Hatoyama, Saitama 350-0395, Japan", 
            "\u2020CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kasai", 
        "givenName": "H.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014316304214.37", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014316304214.37"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Japan Science and Technology Agency", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6", 
          "name": [
            "*Advanced Research Laboratory, Hitachi Ltd, Hatoyama, Saitama 350-0395, Japan", 
            "\u2020CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kamimura", 
        "givenName": "O.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016170631014.86", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016170631014.86"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Japan Science and Technology Agency", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6", 
          "name": [
            "*Advanced Research Laboratory, Hitachi Ltd, Hatoyama, Saitama 350-0395, Japan", 
            "\u2020CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Matsuda", 
        "givenName": "T.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010107775354.81", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010107775354.81"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Japan Science and Technology Agency", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6", 
          "name": [
            "*Advanced Research Laboratory, Hitachi Ltd, Hatoyama, Saitama 350-0395, Japan", 
            "\u2020CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Harada", 
        "givenName": "K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015041405054.13", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015041405054.13"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Tokyo", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d", 
          "name": [
            "\u2020CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan", 
            "\u2021Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nakayama", 
        "givenName": "Y.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01200575503.63", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01200575503.63"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Tokyo", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d", 
          "name": [
            "\u2020CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan", 
            "\u2021Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Shimoyama", 
        "givenName": "J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012672646631.58", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012672646631.58"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Tokyo", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d", 
          "name": [
            "\u2020CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan", 
            "\u2021Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kishio", 
        "givenName": "K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015004071115.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015004071115.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Tokyo", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d", 
          "name": [
            "\u2020CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan", 
            "\u00a7Department of Advanced Materials Science, School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hanaguri", 
        "givenName": "T.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0645713256.86", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0645713256.86"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Tokyo", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d", 
          "name": [
            "\u2020CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan", 
            "\u00a7Department of Advanced Materials Science, School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kitazawa", 
        "givenName": "K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014356244505.93", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014356244505.93"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Japan Atomic Energy Agency", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20256.33", 
          "name": [
            "\u2016Department of Material Science, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Tokai, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sasase", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0705646403.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0705646403.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Japan Atomic Energy Agency", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20256.33", 
          "name": [
            "\u2016Department of Material Science, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Tokai, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Okayasu", 
        "givenName": "S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011027716756.40", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011027716756.40"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-4534(94)91989-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001792459"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-4534(94)91989-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001792459"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/360051a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004909183", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/360051a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-37204-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006830627", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-37204-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-37204-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006830627", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-37204-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/371777a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023231329", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/371777a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.126028", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057690140"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.881715", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058127206"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.48.3523", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060568435"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.48.3523", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060568435"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.50.9499", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060574625"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.50.9499", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060574625"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.54.656", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060582648"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.54.656", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060582648"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.59.1426", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060591147"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.59.1426", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060591147"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.67.648", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060803921"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.67.648", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060803921"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2001-08", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2001-08-01", 
    "description": "Many superconductors do not entirely expel magnetic flux-rather, magnetic flux can penetrate the superconducting state in the form of vortices. Moving vortices create resistance, so they must be 'pinned' to permit dissipationless current flow. This is a particularly important issue for the high-transition-temperature superconductors, in which the vortices move very easily. Irradiation of superconducting samples by heavy ions produces columnar defects, which are considered to be the optimal pinning traps when the orientation of the column coincides with that of the vortex line. Although columnar defect pinning has been investigated using macroscopic techniques, it has hitherto been impossible to resolve individual vortices intersecting with individual defects. Here we achieve the resolution required to image vortex lines and columnar defects in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta (Bi-2212) thin films, using a 1-MV field-emission electron microscope. For our thin films, we find that the vortex lines at higher temperatures are trapped and oriented along tilted columnar defects, irrespective of the orientation of the applied magnetic field. At lower temperatures, however, vortex penetration always takes place perpendicular to the film plane, suggesting that intrinsic 'background' pinning in the material now dominates.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35088021", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
        "issn": [
          "0090-0028", 
          "1476-4687"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "6847", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "412"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Observation of individual vortices trapped along columnar defects in high-temperature superconductors", 
    "pagination": "620", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "f93c4c76ec4da67035df3538cabce21b43f293fcebde623c61769af3a9530acf"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "11493915"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0410462"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/35088021"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1052323803"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/35088021", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052323803"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T12:25", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000362_0000000362/records_87104_00000001.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/35088021"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35088021'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35088021'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35088021'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35088021'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

191 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      40 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/35088021 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0912
3 schema:author N0773b9ab56a749d1b0765b4cc6628bc9
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-37204-2
5 sg:pub.10.1038/360051a0
6 sg:pub.10.1038/371777a0
7 https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-4534(94)91989-5
8 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.126028
9 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.881715
10 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.48.3523
11 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.50.9499
12 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.54.656
13 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.59.1426
14 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.67.648
15 schema:datePublished 2001-08
16 schema:datePublishedReg 2001-08-01
17 schema:description Many superconductors do not entirely expel magnetic flux-rather, magnetic flux can penetrate the superconducting state in the form of vortices. Moving vortices create resistance, so they must be 'pinned' to permit dissipationless current flow. This is a particularly important issue for the high-transition-temperature superconductors, in which the vortices move very easily. Irradiation of superconducting samples by heavy ions produces columnar defects, which are considered to be the optimal pinning traps when the orientation of the column coincides with that of the vortex line. Although columnar defect pinning has been investigated using macroscopic techniques, it has hitherto been impossible to resolve individual vortices intersecting with individual defects. Here we achieve the resolution required to image vortex lines and columnar defects in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta (Bi-2212) thin films, using a 1-MV field-emission electron microscope. For our thin films, we find that the vortex lines at higher temperatures are trapped and oriented along tilted columnar defects, irrespective of the orientation of the applied magnetic field. At lower temperatures, however, vortex penetration always takes place perpendicular to the film plane, suggesting that intrinsic 'background' pinning in the material now dominates.
18 schema:genre research_article
19 schema:inLanguage en
20 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
21 schema:isPartOf Ne0044ab171bb4f5fb44e10f3f77f2e8e
22 Ne98095f2eabe4a1cb4e5f24b0d97dcb2
23 sg:journal.1018957
24 schema:name Observation of individual vortices trapped along columnar defects in high-temperature superconductors
25 schema:pagination 620
26 schema:productId N119c9127e2304605b43cbba0dc5ce5f7
27 N276d4d9f8dfe430a89fec5d6f4885422
28 N45d6c92406b74b27a791e0b24d677a6e
29 N637a167772b04199917a1c139c575f32
30 N6d92f155f16d45888d84884c5b55f8d0
31 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052323803
32 https://doi.org/10.1038/35088021
33 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T12:25
34 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
35 schema:sdPublisher N0064b482b8304fafbd0da5519fac85e1
36 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/35088021
37 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
38 sgo:sdDataset articles
39 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
40 N0064b482b8304fafbd0da5519fac85e1 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
41 rdf:type schema:Organization
42 N065f5f431204476aad811359b01e3329 rdf:first sg:person.010107775354.81
43 rdf:rest N56ee440b7ca14314a73f4f0fdf8fe8a9
44 N0773b9ab56a749d1b0765b4cc6628bc9 rdf:first sg:person.012050060125.11
45 rdf:rest N0ab60ed8fc14429b8e18eede6bfa0779
46 N0ab60ed8fc14429b8e18eede6bfa0779 rdf:first sg:person.014316304214.37
47 rdf:rest Nd31d0186ef1240f9adaf6a73225893a3
48 N119c9127e2304605b43cbba0dc5ce5f7 schema:name dimensions_id
49 schema:value pub.1052323803
50 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
51 N276d4d9f8dfe430a89fec5d6f4885422 schema:name pubmed_id
52 schema:value 11493915
53 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
54 N2c97892fcce641eeb4fa815aee6dfe78 rdf:first sg:person.011027716756.40
55 rdf:rest rdf:nil
56 N3f157a63ce9f4b81818bac34bf91a38a rdf:first sg:person.01200575503.63
57 rdf:rest Nd35486cac965482da3464f4acf4acc74
58 N45d6c92406b74b27a791e0b24d677a6e schema:name nlm_unique_id
59 schema:value 0410462
60 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
61 N4ff9eda5670446448ea38c223e3b5bc3 rdf:first sg:person.015004071115.36
62 rdf:rest Nd5c14cc7203d4752bd7f9030e48e244f
63 N56ee440b7ca14314a73f4f0fdf8fe8a9 rdf:first sg:person.015041405054.13
64 rdf:rest N3f157a63ce9f4b81818bac34bf91a38a
65 N59bc03ee4907482981e3d8bd9efa3113 rdf:first sg:person.014356244505.93
66 rdf:rest Nab9201b4542640c99ebcb190ef20feb5
67 N637a167772b04199917a1c139c575f32 schema:name doi
68 schema:value 10.1038/35088021
69 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
70 N6d92f155f16d45888d84884c5b55f8d0 schema:name readcube_id
71 schema:value f93c4c76ec4da67035df3538cabce21b43f293fcebde623c61769af3a9530acf
72 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
73 Nab9201b4542640c99ebcb190ef20feb5 rdf:first sg:person.0705646403.45
74 rdf:rest N2c97892fcce641eeb4fa815aee6dfe78
75 Nd31d0186ef1240f9adaf6a73225893a3 rdf:first sg:person.016170631014.86
76 rdf:rest N065f5f431204476aad811359b01e3329
77 Nd35486cac965482da3464f4acf4acc74 rdf:first sg:person.012672646631.58
78 rdf:rest N4ff9eda5670446448ea38c223e3b5bc3
79 Nd5c14cc7203d4752bd7f9030e48e244f rdf:first sg:person.0645713256.86
80 rdf:rest N59bc03ee4907482981e3d8bd9efa3113
81 Ne0044ab171bb4f5fb44e10f3f77f2e8e schema:volumeNumber 412
82 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
83 Ne98095f2eabe4a1cb4e5f24b0d97dcb2 schema:issueNumber 6847
84 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
85 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
86 schema:name Engineering
87 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
88 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
89 schema:name Materials Engineering
90 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
91 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0090-0028
92 1476-4687
93 schema:name Nature
94 rdf:type schema:Periodical
95 sg:person.010107775354.81 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6
96 schema:familyName Matsuda
97 schema:givenName T.
98 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010107775354.81
99 rdf:type schema:Person
100 sg:person.011027716756.40 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20256.33
101 schema:familyName Okayasu
102 schema:givenName S.
103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011027716756.40
104 rdf:type schema:Person
105 sg:person.01200575503.63 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d
106 schema:familyName Nakayama
107 schema:givenName Y.
108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01200575503.63
109 rdf:type schema:Person
110 sg:person.012050060125.11 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6
111 schema:familyName Tonomura
112 schema:givenName A.
113 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012050060125.11
114 rdf:type schema:Person
115 sg:person.012672646631.58 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d
116 schema:familyName Shimoyama
117 schema:givenName J.
118 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012672646631.58
119 rdf:type schema:Person
120 sg:person.014316304214.37 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6
121 schema:familyName Kasai
122 schema:givenName H.
123 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014316304214.37
124 rdf:type schema:Person
125 sg:person.014356244505.93 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d
126 schema:familyName Kitazawa
127 schema:givenName K.
128 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014356244505.93
129 rdf:type schema:Person
130 sg:person.015004071115.36 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d
131 schema:familyName Kishio
132 schema:givenName K.
133 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015004071115.36
134 rdf:type schema:Person
135 sg:person.015041405054.13 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6
136 schema:familyName Harada
137 schema:givenName K.
138 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015041405054.13
139 rdf:type schema:Person
140 sg:person.016170631014.86 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6
141 schema:familyName Kamimura
142 schema:givenName O.
143 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016170631014.86
144 rdf:type schema:Person
145 sg:person.0645713256.86 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d
146 schema:familyName Hanaguri
147 schema:givenName T.
148 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0645713256.86
149 rdf:type schema:Person
150 sg:person.0705646403.45 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20256.33
151 schema:familyName Sasase
152 schema:givenName M.
153 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0705646403.45
154 rdf:type schema:Person
155 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-37204-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006830627
156 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-37204-2
157 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
158 sg:pub.10.1038/360051a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004909183
159 https://doi.org/10.1038/360051a0
160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
161 sg:pub.10.1038/371777a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023231329
162 https://doi.org/10.1038/371777a0
163 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
164 https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-4534(94)91989-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001792459
165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
166 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.126028 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057690140
167 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
168 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.881715 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058127206
169 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
170 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.48.3523 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060568435
171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
172 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.50.9499 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060574625
173 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
174 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.54.656 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060582648
175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
176 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.59.1426 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060591147
177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
178 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.67.648 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060803921
179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
180 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20256.33 schema:alternateName Japan Atomic Energy Agency
181 schema:name ‖Department of Material Science, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Tokai, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan
182 rdf:type schema:Organization
183 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d schema:alternateName University of Tokyo
184 schema:name §Department of Advanced Materials Science, School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
185 †CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan
186 ‡Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
187 rdf:type schema:Organization
188 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6 schema:alternateName Japan Science and Technology Agency
189 schema:name *Advanced Research Laboratory, Hitachi Ltd, Hatoyama, Saitama 350-0395, Japan
190 †CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan
191 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...