A defined range of guard cell calcium oscillation parameters encodes stomatal movements View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-06

AUTHORS

Gethyn J. Allen, Sarah P. Chu, Carrie L. Harrington, Karin Schumacher, Thomas Hoffmann, Yat Y. Tang, Erwin Grill, Julian I. Schroeder

ABSTRACT

Oscillations in cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]cyt) are central regulators of signal transduction cascades1, although the roles of individual [Ca2+]cyt oscillation parameters in regulating downstream physiological responses remain largely unknown. In plants, guard cells integrate environmental and endogenous signals to regulate the aperture of stomatal pores2 and [Ca2+]cyt oscillations are a fundamental component of stomatal closure3,4. Here we systematically vary [Ca2+]cyt oscillation parameters in Arabidopsis guard cells using a ‘calcium clamp’3,5,6,7 and show that [Ca2+]cyt controls stomatal closure by two mechanisms. Short-term ‘calcium-reactive’ closure occurred rapidly when [Ca2+]cyt was elevated, whereas the degree of long-term steady-state closure was ‘calcium programmed’ by [Ca2+]cyt oscillations within a defined range of frequency, transient number, duration and amplitude. Furthermore, in guard cells of the gca2 mutant8, [Ca2+]cyt oscillations induced by abscisic acid and extracellular calcium had increased frequencies and reduced transient duration, and steady-state stomatal closure was abolished. Experimentally imposing [Ca2+]cyt oscillations with parameters that elicited closure in the wild type restored long-term closure in gca2 stomata. These data show that a defined window of guard cell [Ca2+]cyt oscillation parameters programs changes in steady-state stomatal aperture. More... »

PAGES

1053-1057

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35082575

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35082575

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027922951

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11429606


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