Evolution of nanoporosity in dealloying View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2001-03

AUTHORS

Jonah Erlebacher, Michael J. Aziz, Alain Karma, Nikolay Dimitrov, Karl Sieradzki

ABSTRACT

Dealloying is a common corrosion process during which an alloy is ‘parted’ by the selective dissolution of the most electrochemically active of its elements. This process results in the formation of a nanoporous sponge composed almost entirely of the more noble alloy constituents1. Although considerable attention has been devoted to the morphological aspects of the dealloying process, its underlying physical mechanism has remained unclear2. Here we propose a continuum model that is fully consistent with experiments and theoretical simulations of alloy dissolution, and demonstrate that nanoporosity in metals is due to an intrinsic dynamical pattern formation process. That is, pores form because the more noble atoms are chemically driven to aggregate into two-dimensional clusters by a phase separation process (spinodal decomposition) at the solid–electrolyte interface, and the surface area continuously increases owing to etching. Together, these processes evolve porosity with a characteristic length scale predicted by our continuum model. We expect that chemically tailored nanoporous gold made by dealloying Ag-Au should be suitable for sensor applications, particularly in a biomaterials context. More... »

PAGES

450-453

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

6827

VOLUME

410

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35068529

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35068529

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020633318

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11260708


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