Calcium channels activated by hydrogen peroxide mediate abscisic acid signalling in guard cells View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2000-08-17

AUTHORS

Zhen-Ming Pei, Yoshiyuki Murata, Gregor Benning, Sébastien Thomine, Birgit Klüsener, Gethyn J. Allen, Erwin Grill, Julian I. Schroeder

ABSTRACT

Drought is a major threat to agricultural production. Plants synthesize the hormone abscisic acid (ABA) in response to drought, triggering a signalling cascade in guard cells that results in stomatal closure, thus reducing water loss1. ABA triggers an increase in cytosolic calcium in guard cells ([Ca2+]cyt)2,3,4,5,6 that has been proposed to include Ca2+ influx across the plasma membrane3,5,7,8,9. However, direct recordings of Ca2+ currents have been limited3 and the upstream activation mechanisms of plasma membrane Ca2+ channels remain unknown. Here we report activation of Ca2+-permeable channels in the plasma membrane of Arabidopsis guard cells by hydrogen peroxide. The H2O2-activated Ca2+ channels mediate both influx of Ca2+ in protoplasts and increases in [Ca2+]cyt in intact guard cells. ABA induces the production of H2O2 in guard cells. If H2O2 production is blocked, ABA-induced closure of stomata is inhibited. Moreover, activation of Ca2+ channels by H2O2 and ABA- and H2O2-induced stomatal closing are disrupted in the recessive ABA-insensitive mutant gca2. These data indicate that ABA-induced H2O2 production and the H2O2-activated Ca2+ channels are important mechanisms for ABA-induced stomatal closing. More... »

PAGES

731-734

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/35021067

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35021067

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032659621

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10963598


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