Hydroperoxides in plants exposed to ozone mediate air pollution damage to alkene emitters View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1990-03

AUTHORS

C. Nicholas Hewitt, Gregory L. Kok, Ray Fall

ABSTRACT

OZONE is phytotoxic: it is damaging to cell integrity and photosynthesis(1,2), causing leaf necrosis(3) and reducing crop yield(4). It has been implicated in forest decline(5), perhaps through interactions with stress ethene(6). Here we show that organic hydroperoxides (ROOH), which are products of ozone-alkene reactions(7-9), are present in the leaves of isoprene-emitting plants after exposure to ozone, but are not found in control plants grown in clean air. On the basis of earlier studies(6,7,10), we suggest that this reaction of ozone with biogenic alkenes to produce toxic ROOH could be one of the mechanisms by which damage to plants occurs. This could be particularly important in areas experiencing acidic deposition, where the stability of ROOH will be enhanced. This model may explain in part the die-back of tree species producing reactive alkenes, such as the red spruce, which emits isoprene(11-15) and monoterpenes(16), and the Norway spruce and silver fir, which are both prolific monoterpene emitters(17). More... »

PAGES

56-58

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

6261

VOLUME

344

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/344056a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/344056a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056438870

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18278026


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