Global-scale temperature patterns and climate forcing over the past six centuries View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1998-04

AUTHORS

Michael E. Mann, Raymond S. Bradley, Malcolm K. Hughes

ABSTRACT

Spatially resolved global reconstructions of annual surface temperature patterns over the past six centuries are based on the multivariate calibration of widely distributed high-resolution proxy climate indicators. Time-dependent correlations of the reconstructions with time-series records representing changes in greenhouse-gas concentrations, solar irradiance, and volcanic aerosols suggest that each of these factors has contributed to the climate variability of the past 400 years, with greenhouse gases emerging as the dominant forcing during the twentieth century. Northern Hemisphere mean annual temperatures for three of the past eight years are warmer than any other year since (at least) ad 1400. More... »

PAGES

779

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/33859

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/33859

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033964678


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