Primate η-globin DNA sequences and man's place among the great apes View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1986-01

AUTHORS

Ben F. Koop, Morris Goodman, Peilin Xu, Keith Chan, Jerry L. Slightom

ABSTRACT

Molecular studies indicate that chimpanzee and gorilla are the closest relatives of man (refs 1–7 and refs therein). The small molecular distances found point to late ancestral separations2,4,7, with the most recent being between chimpanzee and man, as judged by DNA hybridization3,8. Kluge9 and Schwartz10 contest these conclusions: morphological characters group a chimpanzee–gorilla clade with the Asian ape orang-utan in Kluge's cladistic study and with an orang-utan–human clade in Schwartz's study. Clearly, extensive sequencing of nuclear DNA is needed to resolve by cladistic analysis the branching order within Hominoidea11. Towards this goal, we are sequencing orthologues of the primate ψη-globin locus12,13. Here, we compare the newly completed sequences of orang-utan and rhesus monkey with human, chimpanzee, gorilla, owl monkey, lemur and goat orthologues. Our findings substantially increase the evidence indicative of a human–chimpanzee–gorilla clade with ancestral separations around 8 to 6 Myr ago. We also verify that neutral hominoid DNA evolved at markedly retarded rates. More... »

PAGES

234-238

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1984-02. The phylogeny of the hominoid primates, as indicated by DNA-DNA hybridization in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1982-11. Estimation of average number of nucleotide substitutions when the rate of substitution varies with nucleotide in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1984-03. The descent of hominoids and hominids. in SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
  • 1976-09. 3′ Non-coding region sequences in eukaryotic messenger RNA in NATURE
  • 1983. Cladistics and the Classification of the Great Apes in NEW INTERPRETATIONS OF APE AND HUMAN ANCESTRY
  • 1982-03. Biases of the estimates of DNA divergence obtained by the restriction enzyme technique in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1982-07. Mitochondrial DNA sequences of primates: Tempo and mode of evolution in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1983-06-01. Evidence on human origins from haemoglobins of African apes in NATURE
  • 1976. Molecular Systematics of the Primates in MOLECULAR ANTHROPOLOGY
  • 1984-04. The evolutionary relationships of man and orang-utans in NATURE
  • 1982-09. Patterns of nucleotide substitution in pseudogenes and functional genes in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1985-05-01. Early hominid from Baringo, Kenya in NATURE
  • 1983. Hominoid Cladistics and the Ancestry of Modern Apes and Humans in NEW INTERPRETATIONS OF APE AND HUMAN ANCESTRY
  • 1977-01. Lambdoid phages that simplify the recovery of in vitro recombinants in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1985-04. Anthropology: Improved timing of hominoid evolution with a DNA clock in NATURE
  • 1980-07. Evolution of DNA sequences has been retarded in Malagasy primates in NATURE
  • 1982-07. Phylogenetic origins and adaptive evolution of avian and mammalian haemoglobin genes in NATURE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/319234a0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/319234a0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040349240

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3945312


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