C60: Buckminsterfullerene View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1985-11

AUTHORS

H. W. Kroto, J. R. Heath, S. C. O'Brien, R. F. Curl, R. E. Smalley

ABSTRACT

During experiments aimed at understanding the mechanisms by which long-chain carbon molecules are formed in interstellar space and circumstellar shells1, graphite has been vaporized by laser irradiation, producing a remarkably stable cluster consisting of 60 carbon atoms. Concerning the question of what kind of 60-carbon atom structure might give rise to a superstable species, we suggest a truncated icosahedron, a polygon with 60 vertices and 32 faces, 12 of which are pentagonal and 20 hexagonal. This object is commonly encountered as the football shown in Fig. 1. The C60 molecule which results when a carbon atom is placed at each vertex of this structure has all valences satisfied by two single bonds and one double bond, has many resonance structures, and appears to be aromatic. More... »

PAGES

162-163

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

6042

VOLUME

318

Related Patents

  • Nanostructured Titanium Oxide Material And Its Synthesis Procedure
  • Solid Metal-Carbon Matrix Of Metallofullerites And Method Of Forming Same
  • Proton Conductor, Production Method Thereof, And Electrochemical Device Using The Same
  • Gas Sensor, Gas Measuring System Using The Gas Sensor, And Gas Detection Module For The Gas Sensor
  • Systems And Methods For Formation And Harvesting Of Nanofibrous Materials
  • Preparation Of Fullerenes And Apparatus Therefor
  • Method For Constructing A Carbon Molecule And Structures Of Carbon Molecules
  • Sulfur-Containing Fullerene Derivatives And Method For Producing Said Derivatives
  • Form Of Carbon
  • Convex Equilateral Polyhedra With Polyhedral Symmetry
  • Systems And Methods For Formation And Harvesting Of Nanofibrous Materials
  • Method For Producing Large-Diameter 3d Carbon Nano-Onion Structures At Room Temperature
  • Ionic Conductor, Process For Production Thereof, And Electrochemical Device
  • Passive Hit Locator System Comprising Carbon Nanotube Arrays
  • Carbon Material And Method Of Preparing The Same
  • Proton Conductor, Production Method Thereof, And Electrochemical Device Using The Same
  • Carbon Nanostructures Encapsulating Palladium
  • Purification Of Fullerenes
  • Process For Fullerene Functionalization
  • Synthetic Carbon Allotropes: Graphite Intercalated With Buckminsterfullerenes
  • Proton Conductor, Process For Producing The Same, And Electrochemical Device
  • Injector Apparatus And Methods For Production Of Nanostructures
  • Systems And Methods For Controlling Chirality Of Nanotubes
  • Methods For Preparing Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Composites Using Free Radical Precursors
  • Form Of Carbon
  • Functionalized Carbon Materials
  • Systems And Methods For Formation And Harvesting Of Nanofibrous Materials
  • Nanotube Materials For Thermal Management Of Electronic Components
  • Ionic Conductor, Process For Production Thereof, And Electrochemical Device
  • Proton Conductor Film, Manufacturing Method Therefor, Fuel Cell Provided With Proton Conductor Film And Manufacturing Method Therefor
  • Cvd Method Of Producing And Doping Fullerenes
  • Selective Adsorbent Material And Its Use
  • Electrochemical Hydrogen Flow Rate Control System
  • Proton Conductor, Production Method Thereof, And Electrochemical Device Using The Same
  • Hollow Fullerene-Like Nanoparticles As Solid Lubricants In Composite Metal Matrices
  • Carbon Material And Method Of Preparing The Same
  • Method Of Preparing Carbon Cluster Film Having Electrical Conductivity
  • Systems And Methods For Synthesis Of Extended Length Nanostructures
  • Nanostructured Titanium Oxide Material And Its Synthesis Procedure
  • Process For Preparing Boron Carbon Nanorods
  • Method Of Containing Radiation Using Fullerene Molecules
  • Phototransformation Of Fullerenes
  • Magnetic Recording Medium Comprising A Solid Lubrication Layer Of Fullerene Carbon Having An Alkyl Or Allyl Chain
  • Fuel Removal System For Hydrogen Implanted In A Nanostructure Material
  • Fiber Photovoltaic Devices And Methods For Production Thereof
  • Proton Conductor, Production Method Thereof, And Electrochemical Device Using The Same
  • Process For Purifying Fullerenes
  • Laser-Induced Graphene Scrolls (Ligs) Materials
  • Electrically And Thermally Non-Metallic Conductive Nanostructure-Based Adapters
  • Method Of Producing Diamond Crystals From Metallfullerite Matrix And Resulting Product
  • Chemically-Assisted Alignment Of Nanotubes Within Extensible Structures
  • Cvd Synthesis Of Carbon Nanotubes
  • Form Of Carbon
  • Nanostructure-Based Heating Devices And Methods Of Use
  • Continuous Growth Of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes Using Chemical Vapor Deposition
  • Precursor Soot Synthesis Of Fullerenes And Nanotubes Without Formation Of Carbonaceous Soot
  • Preparation Of Fullerenes And Apparatus Therefor
  • Antibodies Specific For Fullerenes
  • Carbon Cluster Film Having Electrical Conductivity And Method Of Preparing The Same
  • Separation Of Fullerene C60 And C70 Using Crystallization
  • Nanostructured Antennas And Methods Of Manufacturing Same
  • Exfoliating-Dispersing Agents For Nanotubes, Bundles And Fibers
  • Method For Decomposing Carbon-Containing Compound, Method For Producing Carbon Microstructure, And Method For Forming Carbon Thin Film
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/318162a0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/318162a0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024648559


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0202", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Physical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "familyName": "Kroto", 
            "givenName": "H. W.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Heath", 
            "givenName": "J. R.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "O'Brien", 
            "givenName": "S. C.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Curl", 
            "givenName": "R. F.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Smalley", 
            "givenName": "R. E.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/j100211a002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055659416"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.440991", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058019019"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.444961", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058022983"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.447994", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058026014"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/153400", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058484690"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1985-11", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1985-11-01", 
        "description": "During experiments aimed at understanding the mechanisms by which long-chain carbon molecules are formed in interstellar space and circumstellar shells1, graphite has been vaporized by laser irradiation, producing a remarkably stable cluster consisting of 60 carbon atoms. Concerning the question of what kind of 60-carbon atom structure might give rise to a superstable species, we suggest a truncated icosahedron, a polygon with 60 vertices and 32 faces, 12 of which are pentagonal and 20 hexagonal. This object is commonly encountered as the football shown in Fig. 1. The C60 molecule which results when a carbon atom is placed at each vertex of this structure has all valences satisfied by two single bonds and one double bond, has many resonance structures, and appears to be aromatic.", 
        "genre": "non_research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/318162a0", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
            "issn": [
              "0090-0028", 
              "1476-4687"
            ], 
            "name": "Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "6042", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "318"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "C60: Buckminsterfullerene", 
        "pagination": "162-163", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "756d2fa6b34caa20473efc917732a82fe2f394302a3626d0688528d16722517a"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/318162a0"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1024648559"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/318162a0", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024648559"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T01:46", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8700_00000424.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://www.nature.com/articles/318162a0"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/318162a0'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/318162a0'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/318162a0'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/318162a0'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    91 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      32 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/318162a0 schema:about anzsrc-for:02
    2 anzsrc-for:0202
    3 schema:author N8842d1a1287d4d9b9f32e09039623057
    4 schema:citation https://doi.org/10.1021/j100211a002
    5 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.440991
    6 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.444961
    7 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.447994
    8 https://doi.org/10.1086/153400
    9 schema:datePublished 1985-11
    10 schema:datePublishedReg 1985-11-01
    11 schema:description During experiments aimed at understanding the mechanisms by which long-chain carbon molecules are formed in interstellar space and circumstellar shells1, graphite has been vaporized by laser irradiation, producing a remarkably stable cluster consisting of 60 carbon atoms. Concerning the question of what kind of 60-carbon atom structure might give rise to a superstable species, we suggest a truncated icosahedron, a polygon with 60 vertices and 32 faces, 12 of which are pentagonal and 20 hexagonal. This object is commonly encountered as the football shown in Fig. 1. The C60 molecule which results when a carbon atom is placed at each vertex of this structure has all valences satisfied by two single bonds and one double bond, has many resonance structures, and appears to be aromatic.
    12 schema:genre non_research_article
    13 schema:inLanguage en
    14 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    15 schema:isPartOf N1523aefac883486b95133f4eba55bf0c
    16 Nb84e85e98c154d6a8a3d0d7deabcf5e6
    17 sg:journal.1018957
    18 schema:name C60: Buckminsterfullerene
    19 schema:pagination 162-163
    20 schema:productId N1f08a951af6a4cf1824924d4007afe16
    21 N432698ff7a124543b8d6bb2e1a8c4339
    22 Nfbeda473d7d3478884ee515d9772e719
    23 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024648559
    24 https://doi.org/10.1038/318162a0
    25 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T01:46
    26 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    27 schema:sdPublisher Nfe7d8efb0ca4479e8a78dbbe21269f77
    28 schema:url http://www.nature.com/articles/318162a0
    29 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    30 sgo:sdDataset articles
    31 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    32 N1523aefac883486b95133f4eba55bf0c schema:issueNumber 6042
    33 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    34 N1f08a951af6a4cf1824924d4007afe16 schema:name readcube_id
    35 schema:value 756d2fa6b34caa20473efc917732a82fe2f394302a3626d0688528d16722517a
    36 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    37 N23cc7b13ca21488c9b68392c98862fb5 schema:familyName O'Brien
    38 schema:givenName S. C.
    39 rdf:type schema:Person
    40 N326340284fc3464b9805b0d23b1e93f3 rdf:first Neda1339724c14f2bb95ede9fc409b7b7
    41 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    42 N432698ff7a124543b8d6bb2e1a8c4339 schema:name dimensions_id
    43 schema:value pub.1024648559
    44 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    45 N6aa8cb10c3824f28bb721bd0654a5337 schema:familyName Curl
    46 schema:givenName R. F.
    47 rdf:type schema:Person
    48 N7af6b964203b4eebb8ff502f2121946c schema:familyName Kroto
    49 schema:givenName H. W.
    50 rdf:type schema:Person
    51 N7c61253e650c4d878e5cfbeaa2f5eebc rdf:first N23cc7b13ca21488c9b68392c98862fb5
    52 rdf:rest Nfb438338e51643d8bd9fdb3d4aec935a
    53 N8842d1a1287d4d9b9f32e09039623057 rdf:first N7af6b964203b4eebb8ff502f2121946c
    54 rdf:rest Nd04f8a8e326f455a81cac658dc8d8a09
    55 Nb84e85e98c154d6a8a3d0d7deabcf5e6 schema:volumeNumber 318
    56 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    57 Nd04f8a8e326f455a81cac658dc8d8a09 rdf:first Nff52c36cbeb94d7aa04e21835a08555d
    58 rdf:rest N7c61253e650c4d878e5cfbeaa2f5eebc
    59 Neda1339724c14f2bb95ede9fc409b7b7 schema:familyName Smalley
    60 schema:givenName R. E.
    61 rdf:type schema:Person
    62 Nfb438338e51643d8bd9fdb3d4aec935a rdf:first N6aa8cb10c3824f28bb721bd0654a5337
    63 rdf:rest N326340284fc3464b9805b0d23b1e93f3
    64 Nfbeda473d7d3478884ee515d9772e719 schema:name doi
    65 schema:value 10.1038/318162a0
    66 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    67 Nfe7d8efb0ca4479e8a78dbbe21269f77 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    68 rdf:type schema:Organization
    69 Nff52c36cbeb94d7aa04e21835a08555d schema:familyName Heath
    70 schema:givenName J. R.
    71 rdf:type schema:Person
    72 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    73 schema:name Physical Sciences
    74 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    75 anzsrc-for:0202 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    76 schema:name Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics
    77 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    78 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0090-0028
    79 1476-4687
    80 schema:name Nature
    81 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    82 https://doi.org/10.1021/j100211a002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055659416
    83 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    84 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.440991 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058019019
    85 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    86 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.444961 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058022983
    87 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    88 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.447994 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058026014
    89 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    90 https://doi.org/10.1086/153400 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058484690
    91 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...