Late Holocene deforestation and tree regeneration in the forest–tundra of Québec View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1985-02

AUTHORS

Serge Payette, Réjean Gagnon

ABSTRACT

Reconstructions of climate in the Holocene rely heavily on palaeoclimatic indicators such as altitudinal and latitudinal tree-line movements1 inferred either from direct (macrofossil), or indirect (pollen), evidence of sites more or less distant from the present treelines2–8. Long-term trends in tree regeneration on well-drained sites of the forest–tundra—the transition zone between the Boreal forest and the Arctic tundra zones—may also be used as ecological indicators of Holocene climatic changes. Charcoal found in soils of treeless or forest vegetation in the transition zone indicates respectively, failure or success in the post-fire regeneration of trees; as regeneration is influenced by climate, radiocarbon-dated charcoal can be used as a record of palaeoclimate. We suggest here that the widespread occurrence of treeless sites is the result of late Holocene deforestation involving climate–fire interactions and that disjunct lichen-forest sites are the outcome of successful regeneration sometime during the last 1,000 yr. This climatically induced process is acting at the site and the species levels, south of the present tree line. More... »

PAGES

570-572

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

6003

VOLUME

313

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/313570a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/313570a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031898635


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