Lightning-induced electron precipitation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1984-12

AUTHORS

H. D. Voss, W. L. Imhof, M. Walt, J. Mobilia, E. E. Gaines, J. B. Reagan, U. S. Inan, R. A. Helliwell, D. L. Carpenter, J. P. Katsufrakis, H. C. Chang

ABSTRACT

The broadband very low frequency (VLF, 0.3–30 kHz) radiation from lightning propagates in the Earth–ionosphere cavity as impulsive signals (spherics) and in the dispersive plasma regions of the ionosphere and magnetosphere it propagates as tones of descending or rising frequency (whistlers)1. VLF radio waves propagating in the magnetospheric plasma scatter energetic electrons by whistler-mode wave–particle interactions (cyclotron resonance) into the atmosphere2–6. These electrons, through collisions with the atmospheric constituents, cause localized ionization, conductivity enhancement, visual and ultraviolet light emissions, and brems-strahlung X rays. We have reported previously on the precipitation of energetic electrons from the radiation belts by the controlled injection from the ground of VLF radio waves7,8. Here we report the first satellite measurements of electron precipitation by lightning. The measured energy deposition of these conspicuous lightning-induced electron precipitation (LEP) bursts (∼ 10−3 erg cm−2) is sufficient to deplete the Earth's radiation belts and to alter subionospheric radiowave propagation (≲1 MHz). A one-to-one correlation is found between ground-based measurements of VLF spherics and whistlers at Palmer, Antarctica, and low-altitude satellite (S81-1) measurements of precipitating energetic electrons. More... »

PAGES

740-742

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/312740a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/312740a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008034383


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