Worldwide marine temperature fluctuations 1856–1981 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1984-08

AUTHORS

C. K. Folland, D. E. Parker, F. E. Kates

ABSTRACT

Paltridge and Woodruff1 found a warming of global mean sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) of ∼1°C in the first half of the present century, but there are doubts about its reality because spurious temperature fluctuations can arise from changes in measuring instruments2,3 and because inter-annual fluctuations may contain sufficient variance to allow the observed inter-decadal variations to fall within the limits of sampling error of a stationary series3. We present here the results of analyses of worldwide SSTs and night near-surface marine air temperature (MAT) for the period 1856–1981 with the aim of estimating the magnitudes of recent climatic fluctuations of temperature at the ocean surface, taking account of changes in observing procedures. Our results show a worldwide temperature fluctuation of range ≃0.6 °C (in broad agreement with a preliminary analysis of global SST2), with the coldest period being centred around 1905–10 and the warmest occurring in the 1940s. The fluctuation has a similar magnitude to, and is nearly in phase with, climatic warmings and coolings near the surface of the Northern Hemisphere land masses for the period after 1900. Before 1900 the trends are sharply different. More... »

PAGES

670-673

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/310670a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/310670a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020907399


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Earth Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0405", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Oceanography", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Meteorological Office, London Road, RG12 2SZ, Bracknell, Berkshire, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37", 
          "name": [
            "Meteorological Office, London Road, RG12 2SZ, Bracknell, Berkshire, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Folland", 
        "givenName": "C. K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011443505327.30", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011443505327.30"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Meteorological Office, London Road, RG12 2SZ, Bracknell, Berkshire, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37", 
          "name": [
            "Meteorological Office, London Road, RG12 2SZ, Bracknell, Berkshire, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Parker", 
        "givenName": "D. E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01361743712.37", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01361743712.37"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Meteorological Office, London Road, RG12 2SZ, Bracknell, Berkshire, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37", 
          "name": [
            "Meteorological Office, London Road, RG12 2SZ, Bracknell, Berkshire, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kates", 
        "givenName": "F. E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011260470621.07", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011260470621.07"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-017-4841-4_18", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047248833", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-4841-4_18"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1984-08", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1984-08-01", 
    "description": "Paltridge and Woodruff1 found a warming of global mean sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) of \u223c1\u00b0C in the first half of the present century, but there are doubts about its reality because spurious temperature fluctuations can arise from changes in measuring instruments2,3 and because inter-annual fluctuations may contain sufficient variance to allow the observed inter-decadal variations to fall within the limits of sampling error of a stationary series3. We present here the results of analyses of worldwide SSTs and night near-surface marine air temperature (MAT) for the period 1856\u20131981 with the aim of estimating the magnitudes of recent climatic fluctuations of temperature at the ocean surface, taking account of changes in observing procedures. Our results show a worldwide temperature fluctuation of range \u22430.6 \u00b0C (in broad agreement with a preliminary analysis of global SST2), with the coldest period being centred around 1905\u201310 and the warmest occurring in the 1940s. The fluctuation has a similar magnitude to, and is nearly in phase with, climatic warmings and coolings near the surface of the Northern Hemisphere land masses for the period after 1900. Before 1900 the trends are sharply different.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/310670a0", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
        "issn": [
          "0028-0836", 
          "1476-4687"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "5979", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "310"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "sea surface temperature", 
      "marine air temperature", 
      "global mean sea surface temperature", 
      "worldwide sea surface temperatures", 
      "Northern Hemisphere land masses", 
      "mean sea surface temperature", 
      "inter-decadal variations", 
      "recent climatic fluctuations", 
      "inter-annual fluctuations", 
      "ocean surface", 
      "climatic fluctuations", 
      "climatic warming", 
      "cold period", 
      "temperature fluctuations", 
      "land mass", 
      "air temperature", 
      "warming", 
      "similar magnitude", 
      "present century", 
      "fluctuations", 
      "sufficient variance", 
      "magnitude", 
      "first half", 
      "results of analysis", 
      "temperature", 
      "Paltridge", 
      "cooling", 
      "account of changes", 
      "period", 
      "surface", 
      "changes", 
      "variation", 
      "trends", 
      "century", 
      "night", 
      "mass", 
      "phase", 
      "range", 
      "error", 
      "results", 
      "half", 
      "variance", 
      "limit", 
      "analysis", 
      "doubt", 
      "account", 
      "procedure", 
      "aim", 
      "reality"
    ], 
    "name": "Worldwide marine temperature fluctuations 1856\u20131981", 
    "pagination": "670-673", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1020907399"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/310670a0"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/310670a0", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020907399"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-12-01T06:18", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_157.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1038/310670a0"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/310670a0'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/310670a0'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/310670a0'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/310670a0'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

124 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      75 URIs      66 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/310670a0 schema:about anzsrc-for:04
2 anzsrc-for:0405
3 schema:author Naeb45e9a7efb4f6498a66487a8f8187e
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-017-4841-4_18
5 schema:datePublished 1984-08
6 schema:datePublishedReg 1984-08-01
7 schema:description Paltridge and Woodruff1 found a warming of global mean sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) of ∼1°C in the first half of the present century, but there are doubts about its reality because spurious temperature fluctuations can arise from changes in measuring instruments2,3 and because inter-annual fluctuations may contain sufficient variance to allow the observed inter-decadal variations to fall within the limits of sampling error of a stationary series3. We present here the results of analyses of worldwide SSTs and night near-surface marine air temperature (MAT) for the period 1856–1981 with the aim of estimating the magnitudes of recent climatic fluctuations of temperature at the ocean surface, taking account of changes in observing procedures. Our results show a worldwide temperature fluctuation of range ≃0.6 °C (in broad agreement with a preliminary analysis of global SST2), with the coldest period being centred around 1905–10 and the warmest occurring in the 1940s. The fluctuation has a similar magnitude to, and is nearly in phase with, climatic warmings and coolings near the surface of the Northern Hemisphere land masses for the period after 1900. Before 1900 the trends are sharply different.
8 schema:genre article
9 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
10 schema:isPartOf N2027d02d39484efb8666912531989590
11 Nb7565b75d28845ba8e037463cc579827
12 sg:journal.1018957
13 schema:keywords Northern Hemisphere land masses
14 Paltridge
15 account
16 account of changes
17 aim
18 air temperature
19 analysis
20 century
21 changes
22 climatic fluctuations
23 climatic warming
24 cold period
25 cooling
26 doubt
27 error
28 first half
29 fluctuations
30 global mean sea surface temperature
31 half
32 inter-annual fluctuations
33 inter-decadal variations
34 land mass
35 limit
36 magnitude
37 marine air temperature
38 mass
39 mean sea surface temperature
40 night
41 ocean surface
42 period
43 phase
44 present century
45 procedure
46 range
47 reality
48 recent climatic fluctuations
49 results
50 results of analysis
51 sea surface temperature
52 similar magnitude
53 sufficient variance
54 surface
55 temperature
56 temperature fluctuations
57 trends
58 variance
59 variation
60 warming
61 worldwide sea surface temperatures
62 schema:name Worldwide marine temperature fluctuations 1856–1981
63 schema:pagination 670-673
64 schema:productId N1f640b2fecd045a9901eda60c28f9014
65 Nc341ebb1bbbb4900836bbf5dfaa8358d
66 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020907399
67 https://doi.org/10.1038/310670a0
68 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-12-01T06:18
69 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
70 schema:sdPublisher N557c22dab9174ce48d737441b623d91b
71 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1038/310670a0
72 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
73 sgo:sdDataset articles
74 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
75 N1f640b2fecd045a9901eda60c28f9014 schema:name doi
76 schema:value 10.1038/310670a0
77 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
78 N2027d02d39484efb8666912531989590 schema:issueNumber 5979
79 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
80 N50724e6946a24d6f95d66f782f51e97a rdf:first sg:person.011260470621.07
81 rdf:rest rdf:nil
82 N557c22dab9174ce48d737441b623d91b schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
83 rdf:type schema:Organization
84 N659e8ce79825479ca478f19342433dae rdf:first sg:person.01361743712.37
85 rdf:rest N50724e6946a24d6f95d66f782f51e97a
86 Naeb45e9a7efb4f6498a66487a8f8187e rdf:first sg:person.011443505327.30
87 rdf:rest N659e8ce79825479ca478f19342433dae
88 Nb7565b75d28845ba8e037463cc579827 schema:volumeNumber 310
89 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
90 Nc341ebb1bbbb4900836bbf5dfaa8358d schema:name dimensions_id
91 schema:value pub.1020907399
92 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
93 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
94 schema:name Earth Sciences
95 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
96 anzsrc-for:0405 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
97 schema:name Oceanography
98 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
99 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0028-0836
100 1476-4687
101 schema:name Nature
102 schema:publisher Springer Nature
103 rdf:type schema:Periodical
104 sg:person.011260470621.07 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.17100.37
105 schema:familyName Kates
106 schema:givenName F. E.
107 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011260470621.07
108 rdf:type schema:Person
109 sg:person.011443505327.30 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.17100.37
110 schema:familyName Folland
111 schema:givenName C. K.
112 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011443505327.30
113 rdf:type schema:Person
114 sg:person.01361743712.37 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.17100.37
115 schema:familyName Parker
116 schema:givenName D. E.
117 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01361743712.37
118 rdf:type schema:Person
119 sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-017-4841-4_18 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047248833
120 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-4841-4_18
121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
122 grid-institutes:grid.17100.37 schema:alternateName Meteorological Office, London Road, RG12 2SZ, Bracknell, Berkshire, UK
123 schema:name Meteorological Office, London Road, RG12 2SZ, Bracknell, Berkshire, UK
124 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...