Exon duplication and divergence in the human preproglucagon gene View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1983-07

AUTHORS

Graeme I. Bell, Ray Sanchez-Pescador, Paul J. Laybourn, Richard C. Najarian

ABSTRACT

Glucagon is a 29-amino acid pancreatic hormone which counteracts the blood glucose-lowering action of insulin by stimulating hepatic glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis1. The structure of the hamster pancreatic glucagon precursor has recently been determined from the sequence of a cloned cDNA2. Hamster preproglucagon is a 180-amino acid protein which contains five functional regions; a signal or pre-peptide, an NH2-terminal peptide (also called glicentin-related pancreatic peptide, GRPP), glucagon, and two carboxy-terminal glucagon-like peptides (GLP-1 and GLP-2). The sequences of two non-allelic anglerfish pancreatic glucagon precursors3–5 have also been determined and their organization is similar but not identical to the hamster protein; they lack the polypeptide segment corresponding to hamster GLP-2. The presence of three regions possessing internal homology, that is, glucagon, GLP-1 and GLP-2, within proglucagon, and the absence of GLP-2 in the anglerfish precursors suggests that the structure of the preproglucagon gene might provide insight into the evolution of this polyprotein. We have isolated and sequenced the human preproglucagon gene and report here that the organization of the human precursor deduced from this sequence is identical to the hamster protein. The gene contains at least three intervening sequences which divide the protein-coding portion of the gene into four regions corresponding to the signal peptide and part of the NH2-terminal peptide, the remainder of the NH2-terminal peptide and glucagon, GLP-1, and GLP-2. The data suggest that triplication and subsequent sequence divergence of an exon encoding glucagon or a glucagon-like peptide produced this polyprotein precursor. More... »

PAGES

368-371

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

5924

VOLUME

304

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/304368a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/304368a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015042332

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6877358


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