Endomycorrhizal fungi and Rhizobium as biological fertilisers for Medicago sativa in normal cultivation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1979-05

AUTHORS

C. AZCON-G. DE AGUILAR, R. AZCON, J. M. REA

ABSTRACT

LEGUMES can form two types of symbiotic association with microorganisms. One, with Rhizobium sp., is involved in the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen; the other, with fungi of the family Endogonaceae that form vesicular-arbuscular (VA) endomycorrhizas, is concerned with the uptake of phosphorus by the plants. Glasshouse experiments have demonstrated that legumes inoculated with both types of microorganism grow and nodulate better, and have higher nitrogenase activity and phosphorus content than plants that are uninoculated or inoculated with either Rhizobium or mycorrhizal fungi separately1–12. Also, plants with both types of symbiosis may be important as pioneer colonisers of nutrient-deficient habitats13. At present, the possibility of field inoculation with mycorrhizas to improve yield, and the subsequent economy in the use of chemical fertilisers, are being considered14. Positive responses to VA mycorrhizas are to be expected mainly in soils low in nutrients, particularly phosphate, and where indigenous endophytes are sparse or inefficient14. Thus, the use of soil sterilisants to destroy indigenous endophytes has been assayed15–16. There are also reports on the effect of VA fungi inoculation in non-sterile soils17–20. The effects of endomycorrhizas on legumes in relation to the improvement of hill19–20 and marginal soils are now being studied21. But as far as we know no data for leguminous crops growing on non-sterile arable soils in standard agricultural conditions in temperate regions have been published. We report here that inoculation of Rhizobium and Glomus improves the growth and nutrition of Medicago saliva in normal cultivation on an arable field. More... »

PAGES

325-327

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/279325a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/279325a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038890696


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