N-terminal amino acid sequences of variant-specific surface antigens from Trypanosoma brucei View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1976-10

AUTHORS

PAMELA J. BRIDGEN, GEORGE A. M. CROSS, JOHN BRIDGEN

ABSTRACT

THE major pathogenic African (salivarian) trypanosomes can evade the immune response through a process of antigenic variation (reviewed in ref. 1). Mainly due to Gray's work2,3, this variation is thought to be phenotypic—involving sequential expression of alternative genes and not resulting from contemporaneous mutation. The capacity for variation which exists within a clone, isolate or species, or within strains circulating within a geographical area, is uncertain (though probably extensive) and is relevant to an evaluation of the feasibility of developing vaccines. Although serotyping of trypanosome populations has been refined through the use of fluorescence methods4,5, there is a need to characterise the relevant antigens and investigate the molecular basis of antigenic variation. Other workers6–9 identified putative variable antigens and found them to be soluble glycoproteins10–12, probably located in the surface coat13,14. The antigen preparations obtained, however, were generally heterogeneous, frequently unstable or in low yield. A recent report15 described the complete purification in good yield of individual variant-specific surface antigens (VSSAs) from a series of clones of Trypanosoma brucei. The VSSAs seem to be the primary mediators of antigenic variation in T. brucei. Each anti-genically homogeneous trypanosome clone yields one predominant glycoprotein antigen composed of a single polypeptide chain (apparent molecular weight 65,000 as determined by sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS)–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) and, depending on the variant, 7–17% (w/w) carbohydrate (unpublished results of J. G. Johnson). The VSSA seems to be the major or sole constituent of the surface coat and comprises 5–10% of the total cell protein. Studies of the amino acid sequences, carbohydrate constitution and cell-surface organisation of several VSSAs are in progress, and we report here the N-terminal amino acid sequences of VSSAs isolated from four closely related variants. More... »

PAGES

613-614

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/263613a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/263613a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045798607

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/980109


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