Complementary base pairing and the origin of substitution mutations View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1976-09

AUTHORS

Michael D. Topal, Jacques R. Fresco

ABSTRACT

On the basis of chemical considerations and model building, the Watson-Crick concept of complementary base pairing is extended to a wider range of DNA pairs that A-T and G-C (including A-C, G-T, A-A, G-G and G-A) by invoking imino or enol tautomers (or protonated species) and synisomers. The virtual absence of these additional base pairs from DNA is explained in terms of the low frequency with which these unfavoured forms occur and the two-step mechanism of DNA synthesis, whereby residues are first incorporated by the DNA polymerase and then checked. This base-pairing hypothesis is used to explain the origin, nature and level of spontaneous substitution mutations, their enhancement by base analogues, and the unique effects of certain mutator alleles. More... »

PAGES

285-289

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/263285a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/263285a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023822148

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/958482


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0604", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Genetics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "2-Aminopurine", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Bromodeoxyuridine", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Chemical Phenomena", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Chemistry", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "DNA", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "DNA Nucleotidyltransferases", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "DNA Replication", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Exonucleases", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Hydrogen Bonding", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Models, Biological", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Mutation", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Templates, Genetic", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "familyName": "Topal", 
        "givenName": "Michael D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01206052512.08", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01206052512.08"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "familyName": "Fresco", 
        "givenName": "Jacques R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01115175072.52", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01115175072.52"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.61.4.1494", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002524789"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.48.4.532", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007493172"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.55.2.274", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007771277"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00267667", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013207360", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00267667"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00267667", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013207360", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00267667"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/171964b0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015680794", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/171964b0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.72.12.4800", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019617555"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.45.4.622", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020565677"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-2836(61)80040-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021174860"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00526603", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021320306", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00526603"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00526603", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021320306", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00526603"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/2211132a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022358568", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/2211132a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.44.2.112", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023389844"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.40.11.1064", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024504214"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.46.3.311", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026081831"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9550000855", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028554249"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0079-6603(08)60120-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029394286"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2836(69)90479-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035101229"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0079-6603(08)60121-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038130562"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/171737a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040343773", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/171737a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.69.9.2488", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050197262"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/263289a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051496600", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/263289a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01149a006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055773932"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1101/sqb.1966.031.01.023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060403703"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074694362", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076212357", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076266387", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080283389", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080446343", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080645164", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081365911", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1976-09", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1976-09-01", 
    "description": "On the basis of chemical considerations and model building, the Watson-Crick concept of complementary base pairing is extended to a wider range of DNA pairs that A-T and G-C (including A-C, G-T, A-A, G-G and G-A) by invoking imino or enol tautomers (or protonated species) and synisomers. The virtual absence of these additional base pairs from DNA is explained in terms of the low frequency with which these unfavoured forms occur and the two-step mechanism of DNA synthesis, whereby residues are first incorporated by the DNA polymerase and then checked. This base-pairing hypothesis is used to explain the origin, nature and level of spontaneous substitution mutations, their enhancement by base analogues, and the unique effects of certain mutator alleles.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/263285a0", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
        "issn": [
          "0090-0028", 
          "1476-4687"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "5575", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "263"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Complementary base pairing and the origin of substitution mutations", 
    "pagination": "285-289", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "717e1901d03ef26e7bb3d30cc8abc484cf91be1e24268da5e805d4202f42656b"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "958482"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0410462"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/263285a0"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1023822148"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/263285a0", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023822148"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T12:58", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8659_00000424.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v263/n5575/full/263285a0.html"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/263285a0'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/263285a0'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/263285a0'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/263285a0'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

205 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      70 URIs      33 LITERALS      21 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/263285a0 schema:about N0feeea33e9684e9a96f88bbfa5aa099b
2 N10de7729005f476e88980f9782938529
3 N44309b838fed4597b6f716ba43142a57
4 N48359e0325ed4141897a0e75746d4e95
5 N4e9a25fe01bd49ce9dedce31493b10a0
6 N6f8e665509654d4e9ae1242d405a85b3
7 N75192b2531f34a87976a5e00aadf5f5b
8 N7ac34cfac34f4589b2a953a60c7c211b
9 N991f322be1ca428ab50e630f4284c680
10 Nd152d6fad000418a9b08565385583a40
11 Ned6a38c702b8485b96a3582ff7cf326a
12 Nf7c8421e35c043ef8fa8daaa532ebba2
13 anzsrc-for:06
14 anzsrc-for:0604
15 schema:author N33bb18185b244a22a00107824c7ce75d
16 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00267667
17 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00526603
18 sg:pub.10.1038/171737a0
19 sg:pub.10.1038/171964b0
20 sg:pub.10.1038/2211132a0
21 sg:pub.10.1038/263289a0
22 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074694362
23 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076212357
24 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076266387
25 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080283389
26 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080446343
27 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080645164
28 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081365911
29 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2836(69)90479-3
30 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-2836(61)80040-5
31 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0079-6603(08)60120-8
32 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0079-6603(08)60121-x
33 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01149a006
34 https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9550000855
35 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.40.11.1064
36 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.44.2.112
37 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.45.4.622
38 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.46.3.311
39 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.48.4.532
40 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.55.2.274
41 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.61.4.1494
42 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.69.9.2488
43 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.72.12.4800
44 https://doi.org/10.1101/sqb.1966.031.01.023
45 schema:datePublished 1976-09
46 schema:datePublishedReg 1976-09-01
47 schema:description On the basis of chemical considerations and model building, the Watson-Crick concept of complementary base pairing is extended to a wider range of DNA pairs that A-T and G-C (including A-C, G-T, A-A, G-G and G-A) by invoking imino or enol tautomers (or protonated species) and synisomers. The virtual absence of these additional base pairs from DNA is explained in terms of the low frequency with which these unfavoured forms occur and the two-step mechanism of DNA synthesis, whereby residues are first incorporated by the DNA polymerase and then checked. This base-pairing hypothesis is used to explain the origin, nature and level of spontaneous substitution mutations, their enhancement by base analogues, and the unique effects of certain mutator alleles.
48 schema:genre research_article
49 schema:inLanguage en
50 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
51 schema:isPartOf N44e6cadfe4fb4f24982726c14236e633
52 Nf40c98c225d243e69f406c60ebc9de56
53 sg:journal.1018957
54 schema:name Complementary base pairing and the origin of substitution mutations
55 schema:pagination 285-289
56 schema:productId N1a3ede27f21045508587e013e88b9b72
57 N4b30845ec2cd48478b7c77ee3f918631
58 N6776f84bac6643eea30b078c91736737
59 N7153e23c44e540a284291441e5443153
60 N837fa2486ec34a8782bbb70762795d30
61 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023822148
62 https://doi.org/10.1038/263285a0
63 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T12:58
64 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
65 schema:sdPublisher N57b1f0419a3a4d0cb150305d109b67bb
66 schema:url http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v263/n5575/full/263285a0.html
67 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
68 sgo:sdDataset articles
69 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
70 N073c485e251449828912d028cf16984c rdf:first sg:person.01115175072.52
71 rdf:rest rdf:nil
72 N0feeea33e9684e9a96f88bbfa5aa099b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
73 schema:name Templates, Genetic
74 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
75 N10de7729005f476e88980f9782938529 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
76 schema:name Hydrogen Bonding
77 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
78 N1a3ede27f21045508587e013e88b9b72 schema:name pubmed_id
79 schema:value 958482
80 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
81 N33bb18185b244a22a00107824c7ce75d rdf:first sg:person.01206052512.08
82 rdf:rest N073c485e251449828912d028cf16984c
83 N44309b838fed4597b6f716ba43142a57 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
84 schema:name DNA Nucleotidyltransferases
85 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
86 N44e6cadfe4fb4f24982726c14236e633 schema:volumeNumber 263
87 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
88 N48359e0325ed4141897a0e75746d4e95 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
89 schema:name Bromodeoxyuridine
90 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
91 N4b30845ec2cd48478b7c77ee3f918631 schema:name nlm_unique_id
92 schema:value 0410462
93 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
94 N4e9a25fe01bd49ce9dedce31493b10a0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
95 schema:name Chemistry
96 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
97 N57b1f0419a3a4d0cb150305d109b67bb schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
98 rdf:type schema:Organization
99 N6776f84bac6643eea30b078c91736737 schema:name dimensions_id
100 schema:value pub.1023822148
101 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
102 N6f8e665509654d4e9ae1242d405a85b3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
103 schema:name Chemical Phenomena
104 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
105 N7153e23c44e540a284291441e5443153 schema:name readcube_id
106 schema:value 717e1901d03ef26e7bb3d30cc8abc484cf91be1e24268da5e805d4202f42656b
107 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
108 N75192b2531f34a87976a5e00aadf5f5b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
109 schema:name Mutation
110 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
111 N7ac34cfac34f4589b2a953a60c7c211b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
112 schema:name Models, Biological
113 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
114 N837fa2486ec34a8782bbb70762795d30 schema:name doi
115 schema:value 10.1038/263285a0
116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
117 N991f322be1ca428ab50e630f4284c680 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
118 schema:name 2-Aminopurine
119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
120 Nd152d6fad000418a9b08565385583a40 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
121 schema:name DNA Replication
122 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
123 Ned6a38c702b8485b96a3582ff7cf326a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
124 schema:name DNA
125 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
126 Nf40c98c225d243e69f406c60ebc9de56 schema:issueNumber 5575
127 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
128 Nf7c8421e35c043ef8fa8daaa532ebba2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
129 schema:name Exonucleases
130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
131 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
132 schema:name Biological Sciences
133 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
134 anzsrc-for:0604 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
135 schema:name Genetics
136 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
137 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0090-0028
138 1476-4687
139 schema:name Nature
140 rdf:type schema:Periodical
141 sg:person.01115175072.52 schema:familyName Fresco
142 schema:givenName Jacques R.
143 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01115175072.52
144 rdf:type schema:Person
145 sg:person.01206052512.08 schema:familyName Topal
146 schema:givenName Michael D.
147 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01206052512.08
148 rdf:type schema:Person
149 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00267667 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013207360
150 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00267667
151 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
152 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00526603 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021320306
153 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00526603
154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
155 sg:pub.10.1038/171737a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040343773
156 https://doi.org/10.1038/171737a0
157 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
158 sg:pub.10.1038/171964b0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015680794
159 https://doi.org/10.1038/171964b0
160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
161 sg:pub.10.1038/2211132a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022358568
162 https://doi.org/10.1038/2211132a0
163 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
164 sg:pub.10.1038/263289a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051496600
165 https://doi.org/10.1038/263289a0
166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
167 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074694362 schema:CreativeWork
168 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076212357 schema:CreativeWork
169 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076266387 schema:CreativeWork
170 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080283389 schema:CreativeWork
171 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080446343 schema:CreativeWork
172 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080645164 schema:CreativeWork
173 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081365911 schema:CreativeWork
174 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2836(69)90479-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035101229
175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
176 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-2836(61)80040-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021174860
177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
178 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0079-6603(08)60120-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029394286
179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
180 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0079-6603(08)60121-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038130562
181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
182 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01149a006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055773932
183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
184 https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9550000855 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028554249
185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
186 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.40.11.1064 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024504214
187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
188 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.44.2.112 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023389844
189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
190 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.45.4.622 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020565677
191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
192 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.46.3.311 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026081831
193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
194 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.48.4.532 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007493172
195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
196 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.55.2.274 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007771277
197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
198 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.61.4.1494 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002524789
199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
200 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.69.9.2488 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050197262
201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
202 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.72.12.4800 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019617555
203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
204 https://doi.org/10.1101/sqb.1966.031.01.023 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060403703
205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...