Two photosystems controlling behavioural responses of Halobacterium halobium View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1975-09

AUTHORS

EILO HILDEBRAND, NORBERT DENCHER

ABSTRACT

Halobacterium halobium contains a retinal–protein complex, bacteriorhodopsin, which is the only protein of the so-called purple membrane forming distinct patches within the surface membrane1,2. Bacteriorhodopsin acts as a photoreceptor molecule and is chemically similar to the visual pigment rhodopsin1,3. On illumination bacteriorhodopsin undergoes a fast cyclic photoreaction with at least four intermediates occurring after microseconds and milliseconds4–6. Various experiments indicate that bacteriorhodopsin functions as a light-driven proton pump which builds up a proton gradient across the cell membrane and is used for ATP synthesis7,8. Thus its primary function, different from that of rhodopsin in the eye, seems to be energy transformation7. Moreover, H. halobium shows light dependent motor responses, and so we supposed that bacteriorhodopsin also has a sensory function. To test this possibility we obtained action spectra for the light-induced behavioural responses from H. halobium. We found two photosystems, one of which shows that bacteriorhodopsin is involved in the light-controlled motor response. More... »

PAGES

46

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/257046a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/257046a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048222807

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1161001


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