Non-centrosymmetric superlattices in block copolymer blends View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1999-03

AUTHORS

Thorsten Goldacker, Volker Abetz, Reimund Stadler, Igor Erukhimovich, Ludwik Leibler

ABSTRACT

Materials with a macroscopic electric polarization display a variety of useful properties, such as piezo- and pyroelectricity and second-order nonlinear optical activity1. Macroscopic polarization results when dipolar molecules are orientated in the same direction, or when ions are organized in a non-centrosymmetric crystal structure2. Centrosymmetric molecules have no dipole moment and so cannot generate a macroscopic polarization. Non-centrosymmetry in amorphous materials can be engineered by depositing particular sequences of layers on top of each other, or by applying external fields (generally electric) to orientate the molecules3. Here we report the formation of a non-centrosymmetric structure in an amorphous material through spontaneous self-assembly. Block copolymers are known to form ordered structures at the microscale owing to segregation of the different blocks4, 5. We show that a mixture of a ternary triblock copolymer and a binary diblock copolymer will organize itself into a non-centrosymmetric layered structure in which the layers are occupied by different blocks. The structure is periodic with a length scale of around 60 nm. More... »

PAGES

137

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1994. Phase transitions in polymer blends and block copolymer melts: Some recent developments in THEORIES AND MECHANISM OF PHASE TRANSITIONS, HETEROPHASE POLYMERIZATIONS, HOMOPOLYMERIZATION, ADDITION POLYMERIZATION
  • 1992-10. Ferroelectric liquid crystals from achiral molecules in NATURE
  • 1993-03. Synthesis of block copolymers with poly(methyl methacrylate): P(B-b-MMA), P(EB-b-MMA), P(S-b-B-b-MMA) and P(S-b-EB-b-MMA) in POLYMER BULLETIN
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/18191

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/18191

    DIMENSIONS

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