Symbols for Fundamental Particles View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1954-01

AUTHORS

E. AMALDI, C. D. ANDERSON, P. M. S. BLACKETT, W. B. FRETTER, L. LEPRINCE-RINGUET, B. PETERS, C. F. POWELL, G. D. ROCHESTER, B. ROSSI, R. W. THOMPSON

ABSTRACT

IN recent years we have witnessed startling developments in the field of fundamental particles. One of the consequences has been the appearance in the scientific literature of a new jargon and of a large number of new symbols. Some symbols (such as π, µ, τ) designate specific kinds of particles. Others (such as ρ, σ) have been used to describe merely a phenomenological behaviour. Various authors have called the same particle by different names or have attached different meanings to the same symbol. Sometimes the meaning of a symbol has changed through the years. To give an example, the Greek letter χ was used initially to describe a heavy meson which stops in the emulsion and afterwards decays, giving rise to a single ionizing particle. Later, the Latin letter K replaced the Greek letter χ as a code for the above phenomenological description, while the letter χ acquired a more definite physical meaning: that of a heavy meson which decays into one charged and two neutral particles. Sometimes, however, the letter K is also used to designate any charged particle, heavier than a π-meson and lighter than a proton, the mode of decay of which is unknown. As another example, the neutral particle of mass about 1,000 me, which decays into two π-mesons, has been variously named v0, V20, V40, whereas some authors have used the letter V20 to designate any V0-particle different from the so-called V10. More... »

PAGES

123-123

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

4394

VOLUME

173

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/173123a0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/173123a0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029775384


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