A galinstan expansion femtosyringe for microinjection of eukaryotic organelles and prokaryotes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-09

AUTHORS

M Knoblauch, J M Hibberd, J C Gray, A J van Bel

ABSTRACT

A galinstan expansion femtosyringe enables femtoliter to attoliter samples to be introduced into prokaryotes and subcellular compartments of eukaryotes. The method uses heat-induced expansion of galinstan (a liquid metal alloy of gallium, indium, and tin) within a glass syringe to expel samples through a tip diameter of about 0.1 microm. The narrow tip inflicts less damage than conventional capillaries, and the heat-induced expansion of the galinstan allows fine control over the rate of injection. We demonstrate injection of Lucifer Yellow and Lucifer Yellow-dextran conjugates into cyanobacteria, and into nuclei and chloroplasts of higher organisms. Injection of a plasmid containing the bla gene into the cyanobacterium Phormidium laminosum resulted in transformed ampicillin-resistant cultures. Green fluorescent protein was expressed in attached leaves of tobacco and Vicia faba following injection of DNA containing its gene into individual chloroplasts. More... »

PAGES

906-909

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/12902

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/12902

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023133375

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10471935


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