Changes in Discrepancies Between Desired and Present States of Developmental Tasks in Adolescence: A 4-Process Model View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-12

AUTHORS

Martin Pinquart, Rainer K. Silbereisen, Margit Wiesner

ABSTRACT

Individuals direct their own development by setting developmental goals and striving for goal attainment. Human development includes reductions in discrepancies between desired and actual states, as is the case in goal attainment and reduction of aspirations, as well as increases of discrepancies, for example, when individuals increase their aspirations or face setbacks. The present study analyzed how ways of changing discrepancies between desired and actual states of solving developmental tasks relate to changes in adolescents' self-esteem across a 2-year period. With regard to discrepancy-reducing processes we found that increases in goal attainment were associated with increased self-esteem whereas reductions of aspirations were not systematically associated with self-esteem change. With regard to discrepancy-producing processes, diminishing of the present state was consistently associated with declines in self-esteem, whereas increases in aspirations showed inconsistent associations with self-esteem changes. The results indicate similarities and differences between developmental regulation in adolescence and adulthood. More... »

PAGES

467-477

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Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/b:joyo.0000048062.81471.5b

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/b:joyo.0000048062.81471.5b

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024801872


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