Problem-Based Learning: What and How Do Students Learn? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-09

AUTHORS

Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver

ABSTRACT

Problem-based approaches to learning have a long history of advocating experience-based education. Psychological research and theory suggests that by having students learn through the experience of solving problems, they can learn both content and thinking strategies. Problem-based learning (PBL) is an instructional method in which students learn through facilitated problem solving. In PBL, student learning centers on a complex problem that does not have a single correct answer. Students work in collaborative groups to identify what they need to learn in order to solve a problem. They engage in self-directed learning (SDL) and then apply their new knowledge to the problem and reflect on what they learned and the effectiveness of the strategies employed. The teacher acts to facilitate the learning process rather than to provide knowledge. The goals of PBL include helping students develop 1) flexible knowledge, 2) effective problem-solving skills, 3) SDL skills, 4) effective collaboration skills, and 5) intrinsic motivation. This article discusses the nature of learning in PBL and examines the empirical evidence supporting it. There is considerable research on the first 3 goals of PBL but little on the last 2. Moreover, minimal research has been conducted outside medical and gifted education. Understanding how these goals are achieved with less skilled learners is an important part of a research agenda for PBL. The evidence suggests that PBL is an instructional approach that offers the potential to help students develop flexible understanding and lifelong learning skills. More... »

PAGES

235-266

Journal

TITLE

Educational Psychology Review

ISSUE

3

VOLUME

16

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/b:edpr.0000034022.16470.f3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/b:edpr.0000034022.16470.f3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029300359


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/b:edpr.0000034022.16470.f3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/b:edpr.0000034022.16470.f3'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/b:edpr.0000034022.16470.f3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/b:edpr.0000034022.16470.f3'


 

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