Application of glutaraldehyde for the staining of esterase-active cells with carboxyfluorescein diacetate View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-03

AUTHORS

Yuki Morono, Suguru Takano, Kazuhiko Miyanaga, Yasunori Tanji, Hajime Unno, Katsutoshi Hori

ABSTRACT

Staining of esterase-active bacteria with carboxyfluorescein diacetate (CFDA) has been used to evaluate the viability of various types of cell. However, the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria prevents CFDA from permeating into the cell. Although EDTA can increase the permeability of the outer membrane allowing CFDA to enter the cells, it was experimentally confirmed that there is still considerable difficulty in visualizing viable cells due to passive diffusion of carboxyfluorescein (CF), a hydrolyzed product of CFDA, out of the cells. We found that glutaraldehyde enhances the discriminative recognition of esterase-active Gram-negative bacteria under microscopic observation by improving the efficacy of staining. We believe the successful staining in the presence of glutaraldehyde is due to two separate effects: an increase in the permeability of CFDA into the cell and prevention of leakage of CF out of the cell. More... »

PAGES

379-383

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/b:bile.0000018255.89810.1a

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/b:bile.0000018255.89810.1a

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009447066

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15104134


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