Apoptosis induced by cadmium View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1997-07

AUTHORS

T. Hamada, A. Tanimoto, Y. Sasaguri

ABSTRACT

Cell death resulting from cadmium (Cd) intoxication has been confirmed to occur through apoptosis by morphological and biochemical studies. However it is still not clear whether Cd itself or metallothionein (MT) induced by Cd is the major factor responsible for the apoptosis. Although apoptosis is inducible by exposure of cells to various stimuli, the common pathway involved is generally accepted to be activation of endonucleases that induce internucleosomal cleavage of DNA, resulting in the ‘ladder’ formation observed upon agarose gel electrophoresis and the chromatin condensation seen by electron microscopy. Cd does not seem to activate the endonuclease in vitro. However, Cd itself can be associated with apoptosis through indirect oxidative stress by inhibition of antioxidant enzymes and possible interaction with zinc finger protein. In addition to the direct effect of Cd, MT appears to play dual roles in apoptosis induction: one as a Cd carrier by which Cd accumulates in the nucleus, and the other as an inhibitor of zinc finger proteins, which include transcriptional factors related to apoptosis such as the product of the apoptosis resistance gene A20. In this review, we demonstrated that the mode of cell death following Cd exposure is associated with intracellular movement of Cd and MT. A possible mechanism for Cd-induced apoptosis is also discussed. More... »

PAGES

359-367

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1026401506914

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1026401506914

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044303887

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14646532


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