Base Cation Removal in Harvesting and Biological Limit Terms for Use in the Simple Mass Balance Equation to Calculate Critical ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2003-05

AUTHORS

Peter H. Freer-Smith, Fiona Kennedy

ABSTRACT

The Simple Mass Balance (SMB) equation allows critical loadsto be calculated for forest soils such that all the processesresponsible for acidification and buffering are considered(i.e acidic deposition, deposition of base cations andchloride, mineral weathering, base cation uptake and removalat harvest, nitrogen immobilisation, uptake anddenitrification, and acidity leached). The equation is nowused by 11 UNECE countries in mapping forest critical loadsfor consideration under the Convention on Long RangeTransboundary Air Pollution. In the work described here wehave put together suitable stemwood and bark nutrientconcentrations from the literature with new measurements inorder to calculate species' specific base cation removalterms. Critical loads are then calculated for Quercuspetraea, Pinus sylvestris and Picea sitchensis in order to determine the sensitivity of site critical load values to differences in base cation removal at harvest. The alternativeapproaches of using base cation to aluminium or calcium to aluminium for the biological limit term of the SMB equation arealso examined. Soil critical load values are shown to be influenced by the variability in both these terms, placing priority on the need for species and regional (or perhaps site)specific data similar to those presented here for the UK. More... »

PAGES

409-427

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1023615004433

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1023615004433

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045515628


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