Heterochromatin in interphase nuclei of Arabidopsis thaliana View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2003-03

AUTHORS

P. Fransz, W. Soppe, I. Schubert

ABSTRACT

The eukaryotic nucleus represents a complex arrangement of heterochromatic and euchromatic domains, each with their specific nuclear functions. Somatic cells of a multicellular organism are genetically identical, yet they may differ completely in nuclear organization and gene expression patterns. Stable changes in gene expression without modifying the sequence are the result of epigenetic changes and include covalent modifications in cytosine residues of DNA and in histone tails giving rise to altered chromatin protein complexes, remodeling of chromatin and changes in chromatin compaction. Large-scale differences in chromatin structure are visible at the microscopic level as euchromatin and heterochromatin. Arabidopsis thaliana chromosomes display a relatively simple distribution of euchromatic and heterochromatic segments overlapping with gene-rich and repeat-rich regions, respectively. Recently, we have shown that Arabidopsis provides a well-defined system to study individual chromosomes and chromatin domains in interphase nuclei as well as the relationship between chromatin condensation and epigenetic mechanisms of gene silencing. This overview focuses on the organization and composition of heterochromatin in Arabidopsis nuclei. More... »

PAGES

227-240

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1022835825899

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1022835825899

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041741226

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12769290


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