Trace Elements in Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) from the Mississippi Flyway View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2003-02

AUTHORS

Christine M. Custer, Thomas W. Custer, Michael J. Anteau, Alan D. Afton, David E. Wooten

ABSTRACT

Previous research reported that concentrations of selenium in the livers of 88-95% of lesser scaup from locations in Lake Erie, Lake St. Clair, and Lake Michigan, USA were either elevated (10-33 microg/g dry weight [dw]) or in the potentially harmful range (> 33 microg/g dw). In order to determine the geographic extent of these high selenium concentrations, we collected lesser scaup in Louisiana, Arkansas, Illinois, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Manitoba and analyzed the livers for 19 trace elements. We found that all trace element concentrations, except for selenium, generally were low. Arsenic, which usually is not detected in liver samples, was detected in Louisiana and may be related to past agricultural usages. Chromium, which also is not usually detected, was only present in lesser scaup from Arkansas and may be related to fertilizer applications. Cadmium and mercury concentrations did not differ among locations and concentrations were low. Selenium concentrations in Arkansas (geometric mean = 4.2 microg/g dw) were significantly lower than those in Louisiana (10.7 microg/g dw), Illinois (10.5 microg/g dw), and Minnesota (8.0 microg/g dw); concentrations in Wisconsin and Manitoba were intermediate (6.6 and 6.5 microg/g dw). About 25% of lesser scaup livers contained elevated selenium concentrations; however, none were in the harmful range. We concluded that selenium concentrations in lesser scaup in the Mississippi Flyway are elevated in some individuals, but not to the extent that has been documented in the industrial portions of the Great Lakes. More... »

PAGES

47-54

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1990-05. Selenium accumulation and elimination in mallards in ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 2002-01. Relating Body Condition to Inorganic Contaminant Concentrations of Diving Ducks Wintering in Coastal California in ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1995-06. Heavy metals in seaducks and mussels from misty fjords national monument in Southeast Alaska in ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
  • 1995-05. Biomonitoring heavy metals using the barn owl (Tyto alba guttata): Sources of variation especially relating to body condition in ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1998-03. Contaminants in Wintering Canvasbacks and Scaups from San Francisco Bay, California in ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
  • 1993. Bioaccumulation and Toxicology of Chromium: Implications for Wildlife in REVIEWS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 2000-01. Contaminant Exposure and Biomarker Responses in Spectacled Eiders (Somateria fischeri) from St. Lawrence Island, Alaska in ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1022584712262

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1022584712262

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12739856


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