Heat Generation and Particle Injection in a Thermal Plasma Torch View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1998-12

AUTHORS

A. Vardelle, P. Fauchais, B. Dussoubs, N. J. Themelis

ABSTRACT

The operation of plasma guns used for plasma spraying involves a continuous movement of the anode arc root. The resulting fluctuations of voltage and thermal energy input introduce an undesirable element in the spray process. This paper deals with the effects of these arc instabilities on the plasma jet, and the behavior of particles injected in the flow. The first part refers to the formation of the plasma jet. Measurements show that the static behavior of the arc depends strongly upon the plasma-forming gas mixture, especially the mass flow rate, of the heavy gas, injection mode, nozzle diameter, and arc current. These parameters control the electric field in the arc column, the arc length, its stability, and the gas velocity and temperature. The dynamic behavior of the arc is examined to determine how the tempeature and velocity of the plasma gas vary with voltage variations. Relationships between the gas velocity at the nozzle exit and the lifetime of the arc roots, and the independent operating parameters of the gun can be established from a dimensional analysis. The second part discusses the interaction between the plasma jet and the particles injected into the flow. The parameters controlling particle injection and trajectory are examined to determine how injection velocity must vary with particle size and density to achieve a given trajectory. The effect of the transverse injection of the powder carrier gas is investigated using a 3-D computational fluid dynamics code. Finally, the effect of the jet fluctuations on particle trajectory is studied under the assumption that the jet velocity follows the voltage variation. The result is a continuous variation of the particle spray jet position in the flow. Experimental observations confirm the model predictions. More... »

PAGES

551-574

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1021815417648

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1021815417648

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050632950


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