Heat Generation and Particle Injection in a Thermal Plasma Torch View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1998-12

AUTHORS

A. Vardelle, P. Fauchais, B. Dussoubs, N. J. Themelis

ABSTRACT

The operation of plasma guns used for plasma spraying involves a continuous movement of the anode arc root. The resulting fluctuations of voltage and thermal energy input introduce an undesirable element in the spray process. This paper deals with the effects of these arc instabilities on the plasma jet, and the behavior of particles injected in the flow. The first part refers to the formation of the plasma jet. Measurements show that the static behavior of the arc depends strongly upon the plasma-forming gas mixture, especially the mass flow rate, of the heavy gas, injection mode, nozzle diameter, and arc current. These parameters control the electric field in the arc column, the arc length, its stability, and the gas velocity and temperature. The dynamic behavior of the arc is examined to determine how the tempeature and velocity of the plasma gas vary with voltage variations. Relationships between the gas velocity at the nozzle exit and the lifetime of the arc roots, and the independent operating parameters of the gun can be established from a dimensional analysis. The second part discusses the interaction between the plasma jet and the particles injected into the flow. The parameters controlling particle injection and trajectory are examined to determine how injection velocity must vary with particle size and density to achieve a given trajectory. The effect of the transverse injection of the powder carrier gas is investigated using a 3-D computational fluid dynamics code. Finally, the effect of the jet fluctuations on particle trajectory is studied under the assumption that the jet velocity follows the voltage variation. The result is a continuous variation of the particle spray jet position in the flow. Experimental observations confirm the model predictions. More... »

PAGES

551-574

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1021815417648

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1021815417648

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050632950


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0915", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Interdisciplinary Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "L.M.C.T.S., Equipe \u201cPlasmas, Lasers, Mat\u00e9riaux,\u201d, ESA 6015 CNRS, 123, avenue Albert Thomas, 87060, Limoges, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Vardelle", 
        "givenName": "A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.07633072303.25", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07633072303.25"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "L.M.C.T.S., Equipe \u201cPlasmas, Lasers, Mat\u00e9riaux,\u201d, ESA 6015 CNRS, 123, avenue Albert Thomas, 87060, Limoges, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Fauchais", 
        "givenName": "P.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010314422065.04", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010314422065.04"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "L.M.C.T.S., Equipe \u201cPlasmas, Lasers, Mat\u00e9riaux,\u201d, ESA 6015 CNRS, 123, avenue Albert Thomas, 87060, Limoges, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dussoubs", 
        "givenName": "B.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013162653706.92", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013162653706.92"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Columbia University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21729.3f", 
          "name": [
            "Earth and Environmental Engineering, Columbia University, New York, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Themelis", 
        "givenName": "N. J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01056775435.57", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01056775435.57"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01447084", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002286544", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01447084"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01447084", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002286544", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01447084"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01512630", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013838640", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01512630"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199466061247", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021735306"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-067635-4.50012-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022442440"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01375147", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023692559", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01375147"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6090(81)90633-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029464868"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6090(81)90633-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029464868"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01512624", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036147079", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01512624"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01465873", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040498316", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01465873"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01465873", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040498316", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01465873"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02648529", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040608399", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02648529"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02648529", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040608399", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02648529"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01596681", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040780630", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01596681"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01596681", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040780630", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01596681"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2514/3.4051", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045178113"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0094-4548(74)90150-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046523634"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0094-4548(74)90150-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046523634"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0045-7825(74)90029-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046860033"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0045-7825(74)90029-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046860033"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199668051093", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048250281"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1051/jp4:1997414", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056981671"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physreve.52.2999", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060718381"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physreve.52.2999", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060718381"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1557/proc-190-227", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067915921"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1615/hightempmatproc.v1.i2.10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068135497"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1998-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1998-12-01", 
    "description": "The operation of plasma guns used for plasma spraying involves a continuous movement of the anode arc root. The resulting fluctuations of voltage and thermal energy input introduce an undesirable element in the spray process. This paper deals with the effects of these arc instabilities on the plasma jet, and the behavior of particles injected in the flow. The first part refers to the formation of the plasma jet. Measurements show that the static behavior of the arc depends strongly upon the plasma-forming gas mixture, especially the mass flow rate, of the heavy gas, injection mode, nozzle diameter, and arc current. These parameters control the electric field in the arc column, the arc length, its stability, and the gas velocity and temperature. The dynamic behavior of the arc is examined to determine how the tempeature and velocity of the plasma gas vary with voltage variations. Relationships between the gas velocity at the nozzle exit and the lifetime of the arc roots, and the independent operating parameters of the gun can be established from a dimensional analysis. The second part discusses the interaction between the plasma jet and the particles injected into the flow. The parameters controlling particle injection and trajectory are examined to determine how injection velocity must vary with particle size and density to achieve a given trajectory. The effect of the transverse injection of the powder carrier gas is investigated using a 3-D computational fluid dynamics code. Finally, the effect of the jet fluctuations on particle trajectory is studied under the assumption that the jet velocity follows the voltage variation. The result is a continuous variation of the particle spray jet position in the flow. Experimental observations confirm the model predictions.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1021815417648", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1124016", 
        "issn": [
          "0272-4324", 
          "1572-8986"
        ], 
        "name": "Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "18"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Heat Generation and Particle Injection in a Thermal Plasma Torch", 
    "pagination": "551-574", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "f132a488eb1f9266ba629234f0fe9cde56e9d881deedf41afcf3949206530e2b"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1023/a:1021815417648"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1050632950"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1021815417648", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050632950"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T22:30", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8690_00000508.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1023%2FA%3A1021815417648"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1021815417648'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1021815417648'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1021815417648'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1021815417648'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

149 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      45 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1021815417648 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0915
3 schema:author N4807c72ec5e0424ebd71010e2fe9905b
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf01375147
5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01447084
6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01465873
7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01512624
8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01512630
9 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01596681
10 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02648529
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6090(81)90633-7
12 https://doi.org/10.1016/0045-7825(74)90029-2
13 https://doi.org/10.1016/0094-4548(74)90150-7
14 https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-067635-4.50012-0
15 https://doi.org/10.1051/jp4:1997414
16 https://doi.org/10.1103/physreve.52.2999
17 https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199466061247
18 https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199668051093
19 https://doi.org/10.1557/proc-190-227
20 https://doi.org/10.1615/hightempmatproc.v1.i2.10
21 https://doi.org/10.2514/3.4051
22 schema:datePublished 1998-12
23 schema:datePublishedReg 1998-12-01
24 schema:description The operation of plasma guns used for plasma spraying involves a continuous movement of the anode arc root. The resulting fluctuations of voltage and thermal energy input introduce an undesirable element in the spray process. This paper deals with the effects of these arc instabilities on the plasma jet, and the behavior of particles injected in the flow. The first part refers to the formation of the plasma jet. Measurements show that the static behavior of the arc depends strongly upon the plasma-forming gas mixture, especially the mass flow rate, of the heavy gas, injection mode, nozzle diameter, and arc current. These parameters control the electric field in the arc column, the arc length, its stability, and the gas velocity and temperature. The dynamic behavior of the arc is examined to determine how the tempeature and velocity of the plasma gas vary with voltage variations. Relationships between the gas velocity at the nozzle exit and the lifetime of the arc roots, and the independent operating parameters of the gun can be established from a dimensional analysis. The second part discusses the interaction between the plasma jet and the particles injected into the flow. The parameters controlling particle injection and trajectory are examined to determine how injection velocity must vary with particle size and density to achieve a given trajectory. The effect of the transverse injection of the powder carrier gas is investigated using a 3-D computational fluid dynamics code. Finally, the effect of the jet fluctuations on particle trajectory is studied under the assumption that the jet velocity follows the voltage variation. The result is a continuous variation of the particle spray jet position in the flow. Experimental observations confirm the model predictions.
25 schema:genre research_article
26 schema:inLanguage en
27 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
28 schema:isPartOf N0b2cde1f893241dc96eefdf5c6f89477
29 Nf7ae5d6da52d47b7945bdf81c3ef1be1
30 sg:journal.1124016
31 schema:name Heat Generation and Particle Injection in a Thermal Plasma Torch
32 schema:pagination 551-574
33 schema:productId N46a8a654b3c2461886b40acf6be13599
34 N6e58dc02fade46109507131d4272264c
35 Na3078e11a5ad4129b56cbfa5edaaab47
36 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050632950
37 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1021815417648
38 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T22:30
39 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
40 schema:sdPublisher Nd3dfb07109f74c2f9774120c83b23a61
41 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1023%2FA%3A1021815417648
42 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
43 sgo:sdDataset articles
44 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
45 N03b25bcfee44485b889dfe797eeed548 rdf:first sg:person.01056775435.57
46 rdf:rest rdf:nil
47 N0b2cde1f893241dc96eefdf5c6f89477 schema:volumeNumber 18
48 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
49 N46a8a654b3c2461886b40acf6be13599 schema:name dimensions_id
50 schema:value pub.1050632950
51 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
52 N4807c72ec5e0424ebd71010e2fe9905b rdf:first sg:person.07633072303.25
53 rdf:rest N63497cb4704747da907e11b90e0b46ef
54 N49b378d7f6734fa79cfe4f092b179739 rdf:first sg:person.013162653706.92
55 rdf:rest N03b25bcfee44485b889dfe797eeed548
56 N63497cb4704747da907e11b90e0b46ef rdf:first sg:person.010314422065.04
57 rdf:rest N49b378d7f6734fa79cfe4f092b179739
58 N69d0e662c3a646369657010d59458c4e schema:name L.M.C.T.S., Equipe “Plasmas, Lasers, Matériaux,”, ESA 6015 CNRS, 123, avenue Albert Thomas, 87060, Limoges, France
59 rdf:type schema:Organization
60 N6e58dc02fade46109507131d4272264c schema:name readcube_id
61 schema:value f132a488eb1f9266ba629234f0fe9cde56e9d881deedf41afcf3949206530e2b
62 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
63 N6eb61ce469e442038fc72927daf7e0d5 schema:name L.M.C.T.S., Equipe “Plasmas, Lasers, Matériaux,”, ESA 6015 CNRS, 123, avenue Albert Thomas, 87060, Limoges, France
64 rdf:type schema:Organization
65 Na3078e11a5ad4129b56cbfa5edaaab47 schema:name doi
66 schema:value 10.1023/a:1021815417648
67 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
68 Nce26812255b94e25a6eb3758df308023 schema:name L.M.C.T.S., Equipe “Plasmas, Lasers, Matériaux,”, ESA 6015 CNRS, 123, avenue Albert Thomas, 87060, Limoges, France
69 rdf:type schema:Organization
70 Nd3dfb07109f74c2f9774120c83b23a61 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
71 rdf:type schema:Organization
72 Nf7ae5d6da52d47b7945bdf81c3ef1be1 schema:issueNumber 4
73 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
74 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
75 schema:name Engineering
76 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
77 anzsrc-for:0915 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
78 schema:name Interdisciplinary Engineering
79 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
80 sg:journal.1124016 schema:issn 0272-4324
81 1572-8986
82 schema:name Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing
83 rdf:type schema:Periodical
84 sg:person.010314422065.04 schema:affiliation Nce26812255b94e25a6eb3758df308023
85 schema:familyName Fauchais
86 schema:givenName P.
87 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010314422065.04
88 rdf:type schema:Person
89 sg:person.01056775435.57 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21729.3f
90 schema:familyName Themelis
91 schema:givenName N. J.
92 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01056775435.57
93 rdf:type schema:Person
94 sg:person.013162653706.92 schema:affiliation N6eb61ce469e442038fc72927daf7e0d5
95 schema:familyName Dussoubs
96 schema:givenName B.
97 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013162653706.92
98 rdf:type schema:Person
99 sg:person.07633072303.25 schema:affiliation N69d0e662c3a646369657010d59458c4e
100 schema:familyName Vardelle
101 schema:givenName A.
102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07633072303.25
103 rdf:type schema:Person
104 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01375147 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023692559
105 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01375147
106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
107 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01447084 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002286544
108 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01447084
109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
110 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01465873 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040498316
111 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01465873
112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
113 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01512624 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036147079
114 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01512624
115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
116 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01512630 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013838640
117 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01512630
118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
119 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01596681 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040780630
120 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01596681
121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
122 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02648529 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040608399
123 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02648529
124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
125 https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6090(81)90633-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029464868
126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
127 https://doi.org/10.1016/0045-7825(74)90029-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046860033
128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
129 https://doi.org/10.1016/0094-4548(74)90150-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046523634
130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
131 https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-067635-4.50012-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022442440
132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
133 https://doi.org/10.1051/jp4:1997414 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056981671
134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
135 https://doi.org/10.1103/physreve.52.2999 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060718381
136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
137 https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199466061247 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021735306
138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
139 https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199668051093 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048250281
140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
141 https://doi.org/10.1557/proc-190-227 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067915921
142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
143 https://doi.org/10.1615/hightempmatproc.v1.i2.10 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068135497
144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
145 https://doi.org/10.2514/3.4051 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045178113
146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
147 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21729.3f schema:alternateName Columbia University
148 schema:name Earth and Environmental Engineering, Columbia University, New York, USA
149 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...