An Abridged Model of the Precession–Nutation of the Celestial Pole View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2003-01

AUTHORS

Dennis D. McCarthy, Brian J. Luzum

ABSTRACT

Precise astrometric observations show that significant systematic differences of the order of 10 milliarcseconds (mas) exist between the observed position of the celestial pole in the International Celestial Reference Frame (ICRF) and the position determined using the International Astronomical Union (IAU) 1976 Precession (Lieske et al., 1977) and the IAU 1980 Nutation Theory (Seidelmann, 1982). The International Earth Rotation Service routinely publishes these 'celestial pole offsets', and the IERS Conventions (McCarthy, 1996) recommends a procedure to account for these errors. The IAU, at its General Assembly in 2000, adopted a new precession/nutation model (Mathews et al., 2002). This model, designated IAU2000A, which includes nearly 1400 terms, provides the direction of the celestial pole in the ICRF with an accuracy of ±0.1 mas. Users requiring accuracy no better than 1 mas, however, may not require the full model, particularly if computational time or storage are issues. Consequently, the IAU also adopted an abridged procedure designated IAU2000B to model the celestial pole motion with an accuracy that does not result in a difference greater than 1 mas with respect to that of the IAU2000A model. That IAU2000B model, presented here, is shown to have the required accuracy for a period of more than 50 years from 1995 to 2050. More... »

PAGES

37-49

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1982-05. 1980 IAU Theory of Nutation: The final report of the IAU Working Group on Nutation in CELESTIAL MECHANICS AND DYNAMICAL ASTRONOMY
  • 1998-12. Considerations concerning the non-rigid Earth nutation theory in CELESTIAL MECHANICS AND DYNAMICAL ASTRONOMY
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1021762727016

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1021762727016

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003674821


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