On the Behavioral Foundations of the Law of Supply and Demand: Human Convergence and Robot Randomness View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2002-12

AUTHORS

Paul J. Brewer, Maria Huang, Brad Nelson, Charles R. Plott

ABSTRACT

This research builds on the work of D.K. Gode and Shyam Sunder who demonstrated the existence of a strong relationship between market institutions and the ability of markets to seek equilibrium—even when the agents themselves have limited intelligence and behave with substantial randomness. The question posed is whether or not market institutions account for the operation of the law of supply and demand in markets populated by humans with no role required of human rationality. Are institutions responsible for the operations of the law of supply and demand or are behavioral principles also at work? Experiments with humans and simulations with robots both conducted in conditions in which major institutional and structural aids to convergence were removed, produced clear answers. Human markets converge, while robot markets do not. The structural and institutional features certainly facilitate convergence under conditions of substantial irrationality, but they are not necessary for convergence in markets in which agents have the rationality of humans. More... »

PAGES

179-208

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1020871917917

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1020871917917

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042636465


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