Is there a role for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in production agriculture? View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2002-07

AUTHORS

Megan H. Ryan, James H. Graham

ABSTRACT

This review presents the point of view that arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) do not play a vital role in the nutrition and growth of plants in many production-orientated agricultural systems. Highly available soil P often limits AM colonisation and causes the C-costs to the host to outweigh any benefits from colonisation. Even when P availability is low and AM colonisation levels are high, as may occur in organic and biodynamic agricultural systems, AMF may not always contribute to plant growth for reasons not yet understood. AM fungal activity may also be greatly limited by soil fumigation, non-responsive plant varieties, or rotations based primarily on non-mycorrhizal crops or crops of low AM dependency. Thus, profitability may sometimes be enhanced by management practices, such as tillage and P-fertilisation, which limit AM colonisation. Manipulation of agricultural systems to favour AMF must occur only if there is clear evidence that AMF make a positive contribution to yield or are vital for maintenance of ecosystem health and sustainability. A crucial role for AMF in soil structural stability or in enhancing micronutrient concentrations in produce may be sufficient evidence and may eventually compel consideration of AMF responsiveness when breeding new crop varieties. More... »

PAGES

263-271

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1998-01. A survey of soils for aggregate stability and glomalin, a glycoprotein produced by hyphae of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2000. Mycorrhizal Fungi Influence Soil Structure in ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAS: PHYSIOLOGY AND FUNCTION
  • 2001-04. Promotion of AM utilization through reduced P fertilization 2. Field studies in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 1998-07. The effectivity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from high input conventional and organic grassland and grass-arable rotations in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 1995-12. Exploitation of localized phosphorus-patches by common bean roots in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 1992-10. The involvement of mycorrhizas in assessment of genetically dependent efficiency of nutrient uptake and use in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2001-01. Effect of tillage and farming system upon VAM fungus populations and mycorrhizas and nutrient uptake of maize in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 1998-06. Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) depends on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for growth and P uptake at intermediate but not high soil P levels in the field in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 1994-03. Colonisation of wheat by VA-mycorrhizal fungi was found to be higher on a farm managed in an organic manner than on a conventional neighbour in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 1994-02. Nutrient uptake in mycorrhizal symbiosis in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2000-05. Arbuscular mycorrhizae in a long-term field trial comparing low-input (organic, biological) and high-input (conventional) farming systems in a crop rotation in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 2000-06. Aggregate stability and glomalin in alternative crop rotations for the central Great Plains in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 1994. Water relations and alleviation of drought stress in mycorrhizal plants in IMPACT OF ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAS ON SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1020207631893

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1020207631893

    DIMENSIONS

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