The beneficial role of different auxins and polyamines at successive stages of somatic embryo formation and development of Panax ginseng ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2002-08

AUTHORS

Claire Kevers, Thomas Gaspar, Jacques Dommes

ABSTRACT

The production of viable plantlets via somatic embryogenesis in Panax ginseng requires different culture media corresponding to successive developmental stages. The effects of several auxins and polyamines have been tested at various steps. Multiplication of the embryogenic root-derived callus has been optimized on half-strength MS medium supplemented with 3-(benzo[b]selenyl)acetic acid (BSAA, a synthetic auxin) and kinetin; exogenously applied polyamines were deleterious at this stage, causing browning of the callus, diminished capacity of embryo initiation, and an increased tendency to hyperhydricity. BSAA again appeared to be the most favourable auxin at the initiation stage, but here its action was reinforced by the presence of polyamines, spermidine being the most efficient. Among the auxin needed at the next step, i.e., for the regeneration of embryos, the two seleniated auxins BSAA and seleniated 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D-Se) were the more efficient. For the harmonious development of plantlets, i.e., the simultaneous outgrowth of shoots and roots, the polyamines were favourable, with a greater efficiency for spermine. More... »

PAGES

181-188

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1995-01. Stimulation of root and somatic embryo production in Euonymus europaeus L. by an inhibitor of polyamine biosynthesis in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 1980-05. Plant regeneration through somatic embryogenesis in root-derived callus of ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1997-04. Micropropagation ofPanax notoginseng by somatic embryogenesis and RAPD analysis of regenerated plantlets in PLANT CELL REPORTS
  • 1998-12. The use of charcoal in in vitro culture – A review in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 2000-07. Somatic embryogenesis of Panax ginseng in liquid cultures: a role for polyamines and their metabolic pathways in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 1998-07. Somatic embryogenesis and plantlet regeneration in American ginseng (Panax quinquefolium L.) in IN VITRO CELLULAR & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY - PLANT
  • 1985-09. Polyamine levels as related to growth, differentiation and senescence in protoplast-derived cultures of Vigna aconitifolia and Avena sativa in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 1996-05. Effect of plumule and radicle on somatic embryogenesis in the cultures of ginseng zygotic embryos in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1985-09. The effects of spermidine synthesis inhibitors on in-vitro plant development in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 2002-03. A specific role for spermidine in the initiation phase of somatic embryogenesis in Panax ginseng CA Meyer in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1997. Indissociable Chief Factors in the Inductive Phase of Adventitious Rooting in BIOLOGY OF ROOT FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT
  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1016399905620

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1016399905620

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026462062


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