A Constant Erosion Rate Model for Fine Sediment in the York River, Virginia View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-12

AUTHORS

Jerome P.-Y. Maa, S.-C. Kim

ABSTRACT

Results of field experiments using the Virginia Institute of Marine Science' Sea Carousel and tripod system reveal a highly dynamic sediment activity at the Clay Bank site in the York River. At the water-sediment interface, the critical bed shear stress for sediment erosion varied between 0.026 Pa and 0.1 Pa. For the well consolidated sediment below the interface, the critical bed shear stress increased significantly, to more than 0.6 Pa. The seasonal variation of erosion rate for the surficial sediment is significant. For the well consolidated sediment below the surficial sediment, however, the seasonal variation diminished and erosion rate approached a constant. Experimental results from the Carousel deployments imply that the erosion process for quasi-steady tidal flows is always near equilibrium. For this reason, a constant rate erosion model is proposed for the time during tidal acceleration phases. For other times, the erosion rate would be zero. The measured suspended sediment concentration at 10 cm above bed from the VIMS tripod system also Supports this model. More... »

PAGES

345-360

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1015799926777

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1015799926777

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047162169


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