The Changing Prevalence of Autism in California View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2002-06

AUTHORS

Lisa A. Croen, Judith K. Grether, Jenny Hoogstrate, Steve Selvin

ABSTRACT

We conducted a population-based study of eight successive California births cohorts to examine the degree to which improvements in detection and changes in diagnosis contribute to the observed increase in autism prevalence. Children born in 1987-1994 who had autism were identified from the statewide agency responsible for coordinating services for individuals with developmental disabilities. To evaluate the role of diagnostic substitution, trends in prevalence of mental retardation without autism were also investigated. A total of 5038 children with full syndrome autism were identified from 4,590,333 California births, a prevalence of 11.0 per 10,000. During the study period, prevalence increased from 5.8 to 14.9 per 10,000, for an absolute change of 9.1 per 10,000. The pattern of increase was not influenced by maternal age, race/ethnicity, education, child gender, or plurality. During the same period, the prevalence of mental retardation without autism decreased from 28.8 to 19.5 per 10,000, for an absolute change of 9.3 per 10,000. These data suggest that improvements in detection and changes in diagnosis account for the observed increase in autism; whether there has also been a true increase in incidence is not known. More... »

PAGES

207-215

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1999-08. Brief Report: Autism and Asperger Syndrome in Seven-Year-Old Children: A Total Population Study in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
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  • 1999-12. The Screening and Diagnosis of Autistic Spectrum Disorders in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
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  • 1989-03. The prevalence of autism in Nagoya, Japan: A total population study in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
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  • 1980-03. Toward objective classification of childhood autism: Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
  • 1988-06. Epidemiology of infantile autism in southern Ibaraki, Japan: Differences in prevalence in birth cohorts in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
  • 2001-04. Prevalence of Autism in Iceland in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1015453830880

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1015453830880

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038310900

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12108622


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