Evaluation of cytoplasmic effects on agronomic and seed quality traits in two doubled haploid populations of Brassica napus L. View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2002-02

AUTHORS

I. Rajcan, K.J. Kasha, L.S. Kott, W.D. Beversdorf

ABSTRACT

Cytoplasmic effects have been occasionally implicated in the inheritance of several traits in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.), including linolenic acid concentration (18:3) in the oil. It is important that these be considered when choosing the direction of cross for producing new breeding populations. To study this phenomenon, a reciprocal cross was made between two genotypes of oilseed rape, Reston and LL09, which differed for their erucic and linolenic acid concentrations in the seed oil. Two DH populations, which were produced by microspore culture from reciprocal F1 plants, were evaluated in the growth room for one generation and in the field at two locations in Southern Ontario in 1993and 1994. Field notes were taken on days to flower, days to maturity,plant lodging, plant height and, seed quality traits. In the growth room study, the phenotypic distribution of 18:3 differed significantly between the two reciprocal DH populations. In the field, significant reciprocal differences between the population means were detected for 18:3,flowering date and protein content in both years and for days to maturity and oil content in 1993 only. To further study the parental lines,chloroplast (cp) and mitochondrial (mt) DNA from parental lines were isolated and subjected to RFLP and RAPD analysis. Several random primers revealed reproducible DNA polymorphism (RAPD) between the parental mt DNA. It is concluded that the direction of cross should be taken into consideration by oilseed rape breeders relying solely on doubled haploids for developing genotypes with modified seed quality traits in Brassica napus L. More... »

PAGES

401-409

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1999-02. Detection of molecular markers associated with linolenic and erucic acid levels in spring rapeseed (Brassica napur L.) in EUPHYTICA
  • 1987-01. A rapid, single leaf, nucleic acid assay for determining the cytoplasmic organelle complement of rapeseed and related Brassica species in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1989-12. Genetic control of linolenic acid concentration in seed oil of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1990-10. Fatty acid inheritance in microspore-derived Populations of spring rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1998-04. Cytoplasmic effects on quality traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in EUPHYTICA
  • 1986-10. Several different mitochondrial DNA regions are involved in intergenomic recombination in Brassica napus cybrid plants in CURRENT GENETICS
  • 1992. The Mitochondrial Genome of Plants in CELL ORGANELLES
  • 1997-11. RAPD analysis of isolated mitochondrial DNA reveals heterogeneity in elite wild abortive (WA) cytoplasm in rice in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1997-08. Transgressive segregation and reciprocal effect for free folic acid content in a red beet (beta vulgaris L.) population in EUPHYTICA
  • 1984-05. Molecular heterogeneity in mitochondrial and chloroplast DNAs from normal and male sterile cytoplasms in sugar beets in CURRENT GENETICS
  • 1987-03. Unicircular structure of the Brassica hirta mitochondrial genome in CURRENT GENETICS
  • 1994-07. The inheritance of quantitative traits in Brassica napus ssp. rapifera(swedes): augmented triple test cross analysis of yield in HEREDITY
  • 1997-02. Cloning and sequencing of RAPD fragments amplified from mitochondrial DNA of male-sterile and male-fertile cytoplasm of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Euphytica

    ISSUE

    3

    VOLUME

    123

    Identifiers

    URI

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    39 schema:description Cytoplasmic effects have been occasionally implicated in the inheritance of several traits in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.), including linolenic acid concentration (18:3) in the oil. It is important that these be considered when choosing the direction of cross for producing new breeding populations. To study this phenomenon, a reciprocal cross was made between two genotypes of oilseed rape, Reston and LL09, which differed for their erucic and linolenic acid concentrations in the seed oil. Two DH populations, which were produced by microspore culture from reciprocal F1 plants, were evaluated in the growth room for one generation and in the field at two locations in Southern Ontario in 1993and 1994. Field notes were taken on days to flower, days to maturity,plant lodging, plant height and, seed quality traits. In the growth room study, the phenotypic distribution of 18:3 differed significantly between the two reciprocal DH populations. In the field, significant reciprocal differences between the population means were detected for 18:3,flowering date and protein content in both years and for days to maturity and oil content in 1993 only. To further study the parental lines,chloroplast (cp) and mitochondrial (mt) DNA from parental lines were isolated and subjected to RFLP and RAPD analysis. Several random primers revealed reproducible DNA polymorphism (RAPD) between the parental mt DNA. It is concluded that the direction of cross should be taken into consideration by oilseed rape breeders relying solely on doubled haploids for developing genotypes with modified seed quality traits in Brassica napus L.
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