The Structures and Dynamics of Fish Communities in an Okinawan Coral Reef: Effects of Coral-based Habitat Structures at Sites with ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2002-04

AUTHORS

Atsushi Nanami, Moritaka Nishihira

ABSTRACT

Although there have been many studies on ecological factors responsible for the organization of reef fish communities, most of the studies have focused on isolated habitats. However, findings from isolated habitats cannot necessarily be applied to fish communities in other habitats (e.g., a continuous habitat). In this study, therefore, we examined the structures of fish communities (abundance, species richness and species composition), and the dynamics of fish communities (seasonal changes in abundance, species richness and species composition) over a 2-year period in two different habitats (continuous habitat and isolated habitat) in an Okinawan coral reef. We established eight permanent quadrats (8 m × 8 m) on a rocky reef flat (continuous habitat) and rock reef patches surrounded by a sandy sea bottom (isolated habitat). The abundance and species richness of fishes such as pomacentrids, labrids, chaetodontids and acanthurids were greater in quadrats located in the continuous habitat, whereas those of blenniids, gobiids and mullids were greater in quadrats located in the isolated habitat. This caused marked differences between the fish community structure at the two sites. Seasonal and annual changes in fish community structure were relatively small at the continuous habitat site (>0.7 similarity based on Cπ index) but were large at the isolated habitat site (Cπ < 0.4), indicating that the fish community structure was relatively stable at the continuous habitat site but unstable at the isolated habitat site throughout the study period. Spatial differences between the fish community structures in the four quadrats at the continuous habitat site were small (Cπ > 0.65 in most sites), but these differences were large at the isolated habitat site (Cπ < 0.4). Our findings suggest that habitat structure (spatial arrangement of habitats) affects both spatial and seasonal differences in the reef fish community structure. The results also suggest that the main mechanisms underlying organization of reef fish communities in continuous and isolated habitats are different. More... »

PAGES

353-372

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1014952932694

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1014952932694

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040397402


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