Colder soils in a warmer world: A snow manipulation study in a northern hardwood forest ecosystem View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2001-11

AUTHORS

Peter M. Groffman, Charles T. Driscoll, Timothy J. Fahey, Janet P. Hardy, Ross D. Fitzhugh, Geraldine L. Tierney

ABSTRACT

In this special section of Biogeochemistry, we present results from asnow manipulation experiment in the northernhardwood forest ecosystem at the Hubbard BrookExperimental Forest in the White Mountains ofNew Hampshire, U.S.A. Snow is important as aninsulator of forest soils. Later developmentof snowpacks, as may occur in a warmer climate,may result in increases in soil freezing (i.e.colder soils in a warmer world) and could causechanges in fine root and microbial mortality,hydrologic and gaseous losses of nitrogen (N),and the acid-base status of drainage water. Inour study, we kept soils snow free by shovelinguntil early February during the mild winters of1997/1998 and 1998/1999. The treatment producedmild, but persistent soil freezing and inducedsurprisingly significant effects on rootmortality, soil nitrate (NO3−) levelsand hydrologic fluxes of C, N and P. In thisspecial section we present four papersaddressing, (1) soil temperature and moistureresponse to our snow manipulation treatment(Hardy et al.), (2) theresponse of fine root dynamics to treatment(Tierney et al.), (3) theresponse of soil inorganic N levels, insitu N mineralization and nitrification,denitrification and microbial biomass to thetreatment (Groffman et al.)and (4) soil solution concentrations and fluxesof C, N and P (Fitzhugh et al.). In this introductory paper we: (1)review the literature on snow effects on forestbiogeochemistry, (2) introduce our manipulationexperiment and (3) summarize the resultspresented in the other papers in this issue. More... »

PAGES

135-150

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1995-02. The role of dissolved organic carbon in the chemistry and bioavailability of mercury in remote Adirondack lakes in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 1998-10. Inorganic nitrogen and microbial biomass dynamics before and during spring snowmelt in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 1994-05. Effect of snow removal on leaf water potential, soil moisture, leaf and soil nutrient status and leaf peroxidase activity of sugar maple in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 1993-04. Chemical characteristics and temporal trends in eight streams of the Catskill Mountains, New York in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 2001-11. Effects of mild winter freezing on soil nitrogen and carbon dynamics in a northern hardwood forest in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 1992. Freezing and Its Effect on Chemical and Biological Properties of Soil in SOIL RESTORATION
  • 1993-04. Seasonal and long-term temporal patterns in the chemistry of Adirondack lakes in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 1992-10. Effect of freeze-thaw events on mineralization of soil nitrogen in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 1986-12. Regional chemical characteristics of lakes in North America: Part I — Eastern Canada in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 2001-11. Soil freezing alters fine root dynamics in a northern hardwood forest in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 1997-04. Winter production of CO2 and N2O from alpine tundra: environmental controls and relationship to inter-system C and N fluxes in OECOLOGIA
  • 1983-12. Effects of freeze-thaw stress on bacterial populations in soil microcosms in MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 1992-01. Phosphorus budget of a 70-year-old northern hardwood forest in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 1987-09. The rate of acidification of aquatic ecosystems in Ontario, Canada in NATURE
  • 1987-02. Concentration and flux of solutes from snow and forest floor during snowmelt in the West-Central Adirondack region of New York in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 1996-02. Microbial activity under alpine snowpacks, Niwot Ridge, Colorado in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 2001-11. Effects of soil freezing disturbance on soil solution nitrogen, phosphorus, and carbon chemistry in a northern hardwood ecosystem in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 1999-02. Winter CO2, CH4 and N2O fluxes on some natural and drained boreal peatlands in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 1997-07. Foliage litter quality and annual net N mineralization: comparison across North American forest sites in OECOLOGIA
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1013039830323

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