Extracellular and immunological actions of zinc View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-09

AUTHORS

Lothar Rink, Philip Gabriel

ABSTRACT

Zinc is an essential trace element for the immune system, but also very important in other organ systems. Every highly proliferating cell system is dependent on sufficient availability of zinc. During the last decades the influence of zinc on various cell systems have been investigated. Multiple effects of exogenously added zinc have been described in in vitro culture systems and in in vivo systems. However, most of these effects are so far poorly understood, and the dosages used in the in vitro systems are not comparable and sometimes unphysiologically high. Especially in the immune system a number of effects were described and over the last ten years we have come to understand some molecular mechanisms of zinc in this cell system. A zinc deficiency is accompanied by an immunodeficiency, resulting in an increased number of infections. However, the immune function is delicately regulated by zinc, since both increased and decreased zinc levels result in a disturbed immune function. Therefore, zinc supplementation must be accurately supervised. In this review, we discuss the activity of extracellular zinc in four sections. 1. The effect of zinc on different in vitro cell systems, including keratinocytes, osteocytes and leukocytes, and the concentrations of zinc needed for a specific cell response. 2. The modulation of the innate immune system in vitro and in vivo. 3. The role of zinc in the B cell response and antibody production. 4. Effects of zinc on the development and function of T cells. More... »

PAGES

367-383

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1012986225203

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1012986225203

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036230024

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11831466


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1107", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Immunology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adjuvants, Immunologic", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Animals", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "B-Lymphocytes", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cells, Cultured", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "In Vitro Techniques", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Keratinocytes", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Osteocytes", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "T-Lymphocytes", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Zinc", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, University of L\u00fcbeck School of Medicine, Ratzeburger Allee 160, D-23538, L\u00fcbeck, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4562.5", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, University of L\u00fcbeck School of Medicine, Ratzeburger Allee 160, D-23538, L\u00fcbeck, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rink", 
        "givenName": "Lothar", 
        "id": "sg:person.0775201621.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0775201621.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, University of L\u00fcbeck School of Medicine, Ratzeburger Allee 160, D-23538, L\u00fcbeck, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4562.5", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, University of L\u00fcbeck School of Medicine, Ratzeburger Allee 160, D-23538, L\u00fcbeck, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gabriel", 
        "givenName": "Philip", 
        "id": "sg:person.01175150453.22", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01175150453.22"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02784036", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045437283", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02784036"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01450895", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007679395", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01450895"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02784623", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028594784", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02784623"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02783849", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009832139", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02783849"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1010077622172", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038285047", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1010077622172"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.bjc.6690040", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021545796", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6690040"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01952862", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011235516", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01952862"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1006868305749", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010562383", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1006868305749"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1385/bter:79:1:15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026553718", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1385/bter:79:1:15"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02784541", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014260783", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02784541"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2001-09", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2001-09-01", 
    "description": "Zinc is an essential trace element for the immune system, but also very important in other organ systems. Every highly proliferating cell system is dependent on sufficient availability of zinc. During the last decades the influence of zinc on various cell systems have been investigated. Multiple effects of exogenously added zinc have been described in in vitro culture systems and in in vivo systems. However, most of these effects are so far poorly understood, and the dosages used in the in vitro systems are not comparable and sometimes unphysiologically high. Especially in the immune system a number of effects were described and over the last ten years we have come to understand some molecular mechanisms of zinc in this cell system. A zinc deficiency is accompanied by an immunodeficiency, resulting in an increased number of infections. However, the immune function is delicately regulated by zinc, since both increased and decreased zinc levels result in a disturbed immune function. Therefore, zinc supplementation must be accurately supervised. In this review, we discuss the activity of extracellular zinc in four sections. 1.\u00a0The effect of zinc on different in vitro cell systems, including keratinocytes, osteocytes and leukocytes, and the concentrations of zinc needed for a specific cell response. 2.\u00a0The modulation of the innate immune system in vitro and in vivo. 3.\u00a0The role of zinc in the B cell response and antibody production. 4.\u00a0Effects of zinc on the development and function of T cells.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1012986225203", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1102420", 
        "issn": [
          "0966-0844", 
          "1572-8773"
        ], 
        "name": "BioMetals", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3-4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "14"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "immune system", 
      "immune function", 
      "cell responses", 
      "effect of zinc", 
      "B cell responses", 
      "innate immune system", 
      "zinc supplementation", 
      "role of zinc", 
      "T cells", 
      "immunological actions", 
      "antibody production", 
      "organ systems", 
      "zinc levels", 
      "zinc deficiency", 
      "extracellular zinc", 
      "increased number", 
      "essential trace element", 
      "vivo system", 
      "molecular mechanisms", 
      "multiple effects", 
      "concentration of zinc", 
      "cell system", 
      "culture system", 
      "influence of zinc", 
      "immunodeficiency", 
      "infection", 
      "leukocytes", 
      "supplementation", 
      "response", 
      "effect", 
      "keratinocytes", 
      "vitro", 
      "vivo", 
      "osteocytes", 
      "deficiency", 
      "dosage", 
      "number of effects", 
      "specific cell responses", 
      "cells", 
      "review", 
      "function", 
      "years", 
      "last decade", 
      "zinc", 
      "modulation", 
      "levels", 
      "activity", 
      "sufficient availability", 
      "number", 
      "role", 
      "action", 
      "concentration", 
      "mechanism", 
      "development", 
      "decades", 
      "production", 
      "system", 
      "sections", 
      "availability", 
      "trace elements", 
      "influence", 
      "elements"
    ], 
    "name": "Extracellular and immunological actions of zinc", 
    "pagination": "367-383", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1036230024"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1023/a:1012986225203"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "11831466"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1012986225203", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036230024"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-10-01T06:30", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221001/entities/gbq_results/article/article_310.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1012986225203"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1012986225203'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1012986225203'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1012986225203'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1012986225203'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

210 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      108 URIs      90 LITERALS      17 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1012986225203 schema:about N0f56fe6d9b7b4f8aabf844f0a020ea15
2 N3debdcf50c214db2b8a9d1d3a7f202f1
3 N52d98c81382543abb4c55815062c9ec4
4 N550a093d47384c52ac14cdac405d159b
5 N90b0a6fbe2d64266a3255eafa6586418
6 Na86f7ab703ed4d0aa6f93f740113e850
7 Nda4d4eaf0fd24ababdf2ebcf3c7f8341
8 Ndfb6645b9c4643b08cc0959d3a39bb45
9 Neb34fa2a430043dc9f1e0dd92e983bd3
10 Nffea03ace36248ab9a2f89d5d61e4221
11 anzsrc-for:11
12 anzsrc-for:1107
13 schema:author Na4f8d0e4fc6a47bcb1204cd510d1b3fe
14 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf01450895
15 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01952862
16 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02783849
17 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02784036
18 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02784541
19 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02784623
20 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1006868305749
21 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1010077622172
22 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.bjc.6690040
23 sg:pub.10.1385/bter:79:1:15
24 schema:datePublished 2001-09
25 schema:datePublishedReg 2001-09-01
26 schema:description Zinc is an essential trace element for the immune system, but also very important in other organ systems. Every highly proliferating cell system is dependent on sufficient availability of zinc. During the last decades the influence of zinc on various cell systems have been investigated. Multiple effects of exogenously added zinc have been described in in vitro culture systems and in in vivo systems. However, most of these effects are so far poorly understood, and the dosages used in the in vitro systems are not comparable and sometimes unphysiologically high. Especially in the immune system a number of effects were described and over the last ten years we have come to understand some molecular mechanisms of zinc in this cell system. A zinc deficiency is accompanied by an immunodeficiency, resulting in an increased number of infections. However, the immune function is delicately regulated by zinc, since both increased and decreased zinc levels result in a disturbed immune function. Therefore, zinc supplementation must be accurately supervised. In this review, we discuss the activity of extracellular zinc in four sections. 1. The effect of zinc on different in vitro cell systems, including keratinocytes, osteocytes and leukocytes, and the concentrations of zinc needed for a specific cell response. 2. The modulation of the innate immune system in vitro and in vivo. 3. The role of zinc in the B cell response and antibody production. 4. Effects of zinc on the development and function of T cells.
27 schema:genre article
28 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
29 schema:isPartOf N9f700c680b1644cdb9ae3396c3b2fdae
30 Nd44182e913b84e89a8e7c59d5f521fc6
31 sg:journal.1102420
32 schema:keywords B cell responses
33 T cells
34 action
35 activity
36 antibody production
37 availability
38 cell responses
39 cell system
40 cells
41 concentration
42 concentration of zinc
43 culture system
44 decades
45 deficiency
46 development
47 dosage
48 effect
49 effect of zinc
50 elements
51 essential trace element
52 extracellular zinc
53 function
54 immune function
55 immune system
56 immunodeficiency
57 immunological actions
58 increased number
59 infection
60 influence
61 influence of zinc
62 innate immune system
63 keratinocytes
64 last decade
65 leukocytes
66 levels
67 mechanism
68 modulation
69 molecular mechanisms
70 multiple effects
71 number
72 number of effects
73 organ systems
74 osteocytes
75 production
76 response
77 review
78 role
79 role of zinc
80 sections
81 specific cell responses
82 sufficient availability
83 supplementation
84 system
85 trace elements
86 vitro
87 vivo
88 vivo system
89 years
90 zinc
91 zinc deficiency
92 zinc levels
93 zinc supplementation
94 schema:name Extracellular and immunological actions of zinc
95 schema:pagination 367-383
96 schema:productId N715ef92e5fe7498db3c51b8425a518b9
97 N8e037464b82243cc9a29d538bfa248c5
98 Naa1e875db9ce484ba7c1d02dbddff3e4
99 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036230024
100 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1012986225203
101 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-10-01T06:30
102 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
103 schema:sdPublisher Nd3cbb9068bb94fb2aa31d72bb614c672
104 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1012986225203
105 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
106 sgo:sdDataset articles
107 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
108 N0f56fe6d9b7b4f8aabf844f0a020ea15 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
109 schema:name In Vitro Techniques
110 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
111 N3debdcf50c214db2b8a9d1d3a7f202f1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
112 schema:name Adjuvants, Immunologic
113 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
114 N52d98c81382543abb4c55815062c9ec4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
115 schema:name T-Lymphocytes
116 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
117 N550a093d47384c52ac14cdac405d159b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
118 schema:name Humans
119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
120 N715ef92e5fe7498db3c51b8425a518b9 schema:name doi
121 schema:value 10.1023/a:1012986225203
122 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
123 N7c743e711b5b4eeb8c63e6670c92b9c6 rdf:first sg:person.01175150453.22
124 rdf:rest rdf:nil
125 N8e037464b82243cc9a29d538bfa248c5 schema:name dimensions_id
126 schema:value pub.1036230024
127 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
128 N90b0a6fbe2d64266a3255eafa6586418 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
129 schema:name Zinc
130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
131 N9f700c680b1644cdb9ae3396c3b2fdae schema:volumeNumber 14
132 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
133 Na4f8d0e4fc6a47bcb1204cd510d1b3fe rdf:first sg:person.0775201621.43
134 rdf:rest N7c743e711b5b4eeb8c63e6670c92b9c6
135 Na86f7ab703ed4d0aa6f93f740113e850 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
136 schema:name Animals
137 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
138 Naa1e875db9ce484ba7c1d02dbddff3e4 schema:name pubmed_id
139 schema:value 11831466
140 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
141 Nd3cbb9068bb94fb2aa31d72bb614c672 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
142 rdf:type schema:Organization
143 Nd44182e913b84e89a8e7c59d5f521fc6 schema:issueNumber 3-4
144 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
145 Nda4d4eaf0fd24ababdf2ebcf3c7f8341 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
146 schema:name Keratinocytes
147 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
148 Ndfb6645b9c4643b08cc0959d3a39bb45 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
149 schema:name Osteocytes
150 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
151 Neb34fa2a430043dc9f1e0dd92e983bd3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
152 schema:name Cells, Cultured
153 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
154 Nffea03ace36248ab9a2f89d5d61e4221 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
155 schema:name B-Lymphocytes
156 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
157 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
158 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
159 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
160 anzsrc-for:1107 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
161 schema:name Immunology
162 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
163 sg:journal.1102420 schema:issn 0966-0844
164 1572-8773
165 schema:name BioMetals
166 schema:publisher Springer Nature
167 rdf:type schema:Periodical
168 sg:person.01175150453.22 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4562.5
169 schema:familyName Gabriel
170 schema:givenName Philip
171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01175150453.22
172 rdf:type schema:Person
173 sg:person.0775201621.43 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4562.5
174 schema:familyName Rink
175 schema:givenName Lothar
176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0775201621.43
177 rdf:type schema:Person
178 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01450895 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007679395
179 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01450895
180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
181 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01952862 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011235516
182 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01952862
183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
184 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02783849 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009832139
185 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02783849
186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
187 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02784036 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045437283
188 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02784036
189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
190 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02784541 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014260783
191 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02784541
192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
193 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02784623 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028594784
194 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02784623
195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
196 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1006868305749 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010562383
197 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1006868305749
198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
199 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1010077622172 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038285047
200 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1010077622172
201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
202 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.bjc.6690040 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021545796
203 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6690040
204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
205 sg:pub.10.1385/bter:79:1:15 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026553718
206 https://doi.org/10.1385/bter:79:1:15
207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
208 grid-institutes:grid.4562.5 schema:alternateName Institute of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, University of Lübeck School of Medicine, Ratzeburger Allee 160, D-23538, Lübeck, Germany
209 schema:name Institute of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, University of Lübeck School of Medicine, Ratzeburger Allee 160, D-23538, Lübeck, Germany
210 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...