Regeneration in Gap Models: Priority Issues for Studying Forest Responses to Climate Change View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-12

AUTHORS

David T. Price, Niklaus E. Zimmermann, Peter J. van der Meer, Manfred J. Lexer, Paul Leadley, Irma T. M. Jorritsma, Jörg Schaber, Donald F. Clark, Petra Lasch, Steve McNulty, Jianguo Wu, Benjamin Smith

ABSTRACT

Recruitment algorithms in forest gap models are examined withparticular regard to their suitability for simulating forestecosystem responses to a changing climate. The traditional formulation of recruitment is found limiting in three areas. First, the aggregation of different regeneration stages (seedproduction, dispersal, storage, germination and seedling establishment) is likely to result in less accurate predictionsof responses as compared to treating each stage separately. Second, the related assumptions that seeds of all species are uniformly available and that environmental conditions arehomogeneous, are likely to cause overestimates of future speciesdiversity and forest migration rates. Third, interactions between herbivores (ungulates and insect pests) and forest vegetation are a big unknown with potentially serious impactsin many regions. Possible strategies for developing better gapmodel representations for the climate-sensitive aspects of eachof these key areas are discussed. A working example of a relatively new model that addresses some of these limitations is also presented for each case. We conclude that better modelsof regeneration processes are desirable for predicting effectsof climate change, but that it is presently impossible to determine what improvements can be expected without carrying outrigorous tests for each new formulation. More... »

PAGES

475-508

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1012579107129

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1012579107129

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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039066111


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