Phencyclidine-Induced Dysregulation of Dopamine Response to Amphetamine in Prefrontal Cortex and Striatum View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-09

AUTHORS

Andrea Balla, Audrey Hashim, Sarah Burch, Daniel C. Javitt, Abel Lajtha, Henry Sershen

ABSTRACT

Phencyclidine (PCP) administration in rodents has been used to model aspects of schizophrenia. One aspect of such treatment has been the enhancement of amphetamine-induced increase of dopamine in the prefrontal cortex and striatum. To further characterize this mechanism rats were treated for 2 weeks with continuous PCP (15 mg/kg per day via Alzet minipump). Rats were implanted with a microdialysis probe into the prefrontal cortex (PFC) or striatum. Amphetamine was administered locally via the dialysis probe during one collection period and changes in extracellular dopamine were monitored. The effect of local administration of the dopamine uptake blocker nomifensine was also measured. Amphetamine (10 microM) and nomifensine (10 microM) increased the level of dopamine in both the PFC and striatum. PCP administration did not alter the response to amphetamine or nomifensine in the PFC, but reduced this response about 2-fold in striatum. To examine effects of continuous PCP administration on dopamine autoreceptor function, release of [3H]dopamine in response to electrical stimulation and in the presence of a dopamine agonist or antagonist was tested in striatal and prefrontal cortical tissue. Autoreceptor responses were similar in control and PCP-treated tissues. We conclude that the brain region-specific enhancement of dopamine release by peripheral amphetamine administration in rats after PCP is not likely mediated by alterations in the dopamine autoreceptors or changes in the dopamine transporter. The selective local responses of amphetamine indicates heterogeneous regional effects of continuous PCP on NMDA receptor function; effects that influence both regional excitatory responses and the overall dynamics of tonic excitatory/inhibitory inputs to the PFC and striatum. More... »

PAGES

1001-1006

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1012396820510

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1012396820510

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019597956

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11699927


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