Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of Allium cepa L.: the production of transgenic onions and shallots View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-06

AUTHORS

Si-Jun Zheng, Ludmila Khrustaleva, Betty Henken, Eri Sofiari, Evert Jacobsen, Chris Kik, Frans A. Krens

ABSTRACT

This paper describes the development of a reliable transformation protocol for onion and shallot (Allium cepa L.) which can be used year-round. It is based on Agrobacterium tumefaciens as a vector, with three-week old callus, induced from mature zygotic embryos, as target tissue. For the development of the protocol a large number of parameters were studied. The expression of the uidA gene coding for β-glucuronidase was used as an indicator in the optimization of the protocol. Subspecies (onion and shallot) and cultivar were important factors for a successful transformation: shallot was better than onion and for shallot cv. Kuning the best results were obtained. Also, it was found that constantly reducing the size of the calli during subculturing and selection by chopping, thus enhancing exposure to the selective agent hygromycin, improved the selection efficiency significantly. Furthermore, callus induction medium and co-cultivation period showed a significant effect on successful stable transformation. The usage of different Agrobacterium strains, callus ages, callus sources and osmotic treatments during co-cultivation did not influence transformation efficiency. The highest transformation frequency (1.95%), was obtained with shallot cv. Kuning. A total of 11 independent transformed callus lines derived from zygotic embryos were produced: seven lines from shallot and four lines from onion. Large differences in plantlet production were observed among these lines. The best line produced over 90 plantlets. Via PCR the presence of the uidA and hpt (hygromycin phosphotransferase) genes could be demonstrated in these putative transformed plants. Southern hybridization showed that most lines originated from one transformation event. However, in one line plants were obtained indicating the occurrence and rescue of at least three independent transformation events. This suggested that T-DNA integration occurred in different cells within the callus. Most transgenic plants only had one copy of T-DNA integrated into their genomes. FISH performed on 12 plants from two different lines representing two integration events showed that original T-DNA integration had taken place on the distal end of chromosomes 1 or 5. A total of 83 transgenic plants were transferred to the greenhouse and these plants appeared to be diploid and normal in morphology. More... »

PAGES

101-115

Journal

TITLE

Molecular Breeding

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

7

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1011348229189

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1011348229189

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010393698


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