Smoking and Hematolymphopoietic Malignancies View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-05

AUTHORS

E. Stagnaro, V. Ramazzotti, P. Crosignani, A. Fontana, G. Masala, L. Miligi, O. Nanni, M. Neri, S. Rodella, A. Seniori Costantini, R. Tumino, C. Viganò, C. Vindigni, P. Vineis

ABSTRACT

Objective: Tobacco use is the most prominent cause of respiratory cancers. Little is known, however, about the influence of smoking on hematolymphopoietic malignancies. To evaluate this relation, a population-based case–control study was carried out in 12 areas of Italy. Methods: Detailed interviews on tobacco smoking habits were administered to 1450 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), 365 Hodgkin's disease (HD), 270 multiple myeloma (MM), and 649 leukemia (LEU) patients occurring from 1990 to 1993, and 1779 population controls. Results: We found a slightly increased risk for NHL in smokers (odds ratio 1.2, 95% confidence interval 1.0–1.4 for ever smokers), but a consistent positive association was shown only for follicular NHL. In this subtype, a significant excess risk was observed for ever versus never smokers, after adjustment for gender, age, geographic residence, education, and respondent (OR = 1.8, 95%, CI 1.3–2.7), with a positive exposure–response gradient for smoking duration (p<0.01). The risk for follicular NHL was significantly elevated only among women, with ever smokers showing OR = 2.3 (CI 1.4–3.8), while for men we found OR = 1.3 (CI 0.69–2.3). No major differences were shown according to age. Female subjects also showed significant positive exposure–response trends for duration. Conclusion: Cigarette smoking could be a risk factor for follicular NHL among women. For HD, MM, or LEU, no clear association was observed. More... »

PAGES

325-334

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1011216102871

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1011216102871

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017333135

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11456228


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35 schema:description Objective: Tobacco use is the most prominent cause of respiratory cancers. Little is known, however, about the influence of smoking on hematolymphopoietic malignancies. To evaluate this relation, a population-based case–control study was carried out in 12 areas of Italy. Methods: Detailed interviews on tobacco smoking habits were administered to 1450 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), 365 Hodgkin's disease (HD), 270 multiple myeloma (MM), and 649 leukemia (LEU) patients occurring from 1990 to 1993, and 1779 population controls. Results: We found a slightly increased risk for NHL in smokers (odds ratio 1.2, 95% confidence interval 1.0–1.4 for ever smokers), but a consistent positive association was shown only for follicular NHL. In this subtype, a significant excess risk was observed for ever versus never smokers, after adjustment for gender, age, geographic residence, education, and respondent (OR = 1.8, 95%, CI 1.3–2.7), with a positive exposure–response gradient for smoking duration (p<0.01). The risk for follicular NHL was significantly elevated only among women, with ever smokers showing OR = 2.3 (CI 1.4–3.8), while for men we found OR = 1.3 (CI 0.69–2.3). No major differences were shown according to age. Female subjects also showed significant positive exposure–response trends for duration. Conclusion: Cigarette smoking could be a risk factor for follicular NHL among women. For HD, MM, or LEU, no clear association was observed.
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