Acclimation response of spring wheat in a free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) atmosphere with variable soil nitrogen regimes. 3. Canopy architecture ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2000-10

AUTHORS

Talbot J. Brooks, Gerard W. Wall, Paul J. Pinter, Bruce A. Kimball, Robert L. LaMorte, Steven W. Leavitt, Allan D. Matthias, Floyd J. Adamsen, Douglas J. Hunsaker, Andrew N. Webber

ABSTRACT

The response of whole-canopy net CO(2) exchange rate (CER) and canopy architecture to CO(2) enrichment and N stress during 1996 and 1997 for open-field-grown wheat ecosystem (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Yecora Rojo) are described. Every Control (C) and FACE (F) CO(2) treatment (defined as ambient and ambient +200 mumol mol(-1), respectively) contained a Low- and High-N treatment. Low-N treatments constituted initial soil content amended with supplemental nitrogen applied at a rate of 70 kg N ha(-1) (1996) and 15 kg N ha(-1) (1997), whereas High-N treatments were supplemented with 350 kg N ha(-1) (1996 and 1997). Elevated CO(2) enhanced season-long carbon accumulation by 8% and 16% under Low-N and High-N, respectively. N-stress reduced season-long carbon accumulation 14% under ambient CO(2), but by as much as 22% under CO(2) enrichment. Averaging both years, green plant area index (GPAI) peaked approximately 76 days after planting at 7.13 for FH, 6.00 for CH, 3.89 for FL, and 3.89 for CL treatments. Leaf tip angle distribution (LTA) indicated that Low-N canopies were more erectophile than those of High-N canopies: 48 degrees for FH, 52 degrees for CH, and 58 degrees for both FL and CL treatments. Temporal trends in canopy greenness indicated a decrease in leaf chlorophyll content from the flag to flag-2 leaves of 25% for FH, 28% for CH, 17% for CL, and 33% for FL during 1997. These results indicate that significant modifications of canopy architecture occurs in response to both CO(2) and N-stress. Optimization of canopy architecture may serve as a mechanism to diminish CO(2) and N-stress effects on CER. More... »

PAGES

97-108

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1010634521467

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1010634521467

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014871341

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16228413


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37 schema:description The response of whole-canopy net CO(2) exchange rate (CER) and canopy architecture to CO(2) enrichment and N stress during 1996 and 1997 for open-field-grown wheat ecosystem (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Yecora Rojo) are described. Every Control (C) and FACE (F) CO(2) treatment (defined as ambient and ambient +200 mumol mol(-1), respectively) contained a Low- and High-N treatment. Low-N treatments constituted initial soil content amended with supplemental nitrogen applied at a rate of 70 kg N ha(-1) (1996) and 15 kg N ha(-1) (1997), whereas High-N treatments were supplemented with 350 kg N ha(-1) (1996 and 1997). Elevated CO(2) enhanced season-long carbon accumulation by 8% and 16% under Low-N and High-N, respectively. N-stress reduced season-long carbon accumulation 14% under ambient CO(2), but by as much as 22% under CO(2) enrichment. Averaging both years, green plant area index (GPAI) peaked approximately 76 days after planting at 7.13 for FH, 6.00 for CH, 3.89 for FL, and 3.89 for CL treatments. Leaf tip angle distribution (LTA) indicated that Low-N canopies were more erectophile than those of High-N canopies: 48 degrees for FH, 52 degrees for CH, and 58 degrees for both FL and CL treatments. Temporal trends in canopy greenness indicated a decrease in leaf chlorophyll content from the flag to flag-2 leaves of 25% for FH, 28% for CH, 17% for CL, and 33% for FL during 1997. These results indicate that significant modifications of canopy architecture occurs in response to both CO(2) and N-stress. Optimization of canopy architecture may serve as a mechanism to diminish CO(2) and N-stress effects on CER.
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