An Event-Related fMRI Study of Syntactic and Semantic Violations View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-05

AUTHORS

Aaron J. Newman, Roumyana Pancheva, Kaori Ozawa, Helen J. Neville, Michael T. Ullman

ABSTRACT

We used event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging to identify brain regions involved in syntactic and semantic processing. Healthy adult males read well-formed sentences randomly intermixed with sentences which either contained violations of syntactic structure or were semantically implausible. Reading anomalous sentences, as compared to well-formed sentences, yielded distinct patterns of activation for the two violation types. Syntactic violations elicited significantly greater activation than semantic violations primarily in superior frontal cortex. Semantically incongruent sentences elicited greater activation than syntactic violations in the left hippocampal and parahippocampal gyri, the angular gyri bilaterally, the right middle temporal gyrus, and the left inferior frontal sulcus. These results demonstrate that syntactic and semantic processing result in nonidentical patterns of activation, including greater frontal engagement during syntactic processing and larger increases in temporal and temporo-parietal regions during semantic analyses. More... »

PAGES

339-364

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1010499119393

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1010499119393

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017052101

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11523278


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