Comparative Painting Reveals Strong Chromosome Homology Over 80 Million Years of Bird Evolution View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-06

AUTHORS

Swathi Shetty, Darren K. Griffin, Jennifer A. Marshall Graves

ABSTRACT

Chickens and the great flightless emu belong to two distantly related orders of birds in the carinate and ratite subclasses that diverged at least 80 million years ago. In the first ZOO-FISH study between bird species, we hybridized single chromosome paints from the chicken (Gallus domesticus) onto the emu chromosomes. We found that the nine macrochromosomes show remarkable homology between the two species, indicating strong conservation of karyotype through evolution. One chicken macrochromosome (4) was represented by a macro- and a microchromosome in the emu, suggesting that microchromosomes and macrochromosomes are interconvertible. The chicken Z chromosome paint hybridized to the emu Z and most of the W, confirming that ratite sex chromosomes are largely homologous; the centromeric region of the W which hybridized weakly may represent the location of the sex determining gene(s). More... »

PAGES

289-295

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1009278914829

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1009278914829

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039300695

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10461874


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