Native Cellulose II Production by Acetobacter Xylinum Under Physical Constraints View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1998-09

AUTHORS

Hideki Shibazaki, Miyako Saito, Shigenori Kuga, Takeshi Okano

ABSTRACT

Acetobacter xylinum, which normally produces ribbon-like microfibrils of cellulose I, occasionally synthesizes a band-like cellulose (native band, or NB) having a cellulose II crystal structure with a putative folded-chain structure. In contrast to a previous finding of NB production by a mutant strain of A. xylinum, we found that the wild-type strain also produced NB when incubated on agar plate medium. Incubation of the same strain in liquid media of varying viscosity with the addition of polyethylene glycol (PEG) resulted in the production of normal ribbon at low viscosities and NB at high viscosities. This behaviour was independent of the molecular weight of PEG and there seemed to be a critical level in viscosity for the switching from ribbon production to NB production. These findings strongly suggest that NB production is induced by a low mobility of cells in the culture medium due to physical constraints. More... »

PAGES

165-173

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Cellulose

ISSUE

3

VOLUME

5

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1009277122329

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1009277122329

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026486063


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