Inter-relation between descriptors and morphine yield in Asian germplasm of opium poppy Papaver somniferum View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2000-06

AUTHORS

Suphla Bajpai, Ajai Prakash Gupta, M.M. Gupta, Srikant Sharma, C.M. Govil, Sushil Kumar

ABSTRACT

A set of 208 Indian and two Thai germplasm accessions of opium poppy Papaver somniferum were assessed for variation in 17 morphological characters, seed yield and content and yield of morphine from capsules and peduncles. The germplasm was found to be highly variable for all the characters evaluated. In the harvested peduncles and capsules, 13% was peduncle straw, 61% seeds and the rest capsule husk. The peduncle and capsule straw yields ranged between 0.6–2.2 and 1.4–5.3 g plant-1, respectively. Morphine content in the peduncle varied between about 0.001–0.24% and that in the capsule from 0.02 to 1.05%. On average basis morphine content in the capsule husk was more than 9-fold higher than the peduncle straw. The plant morphine yields from peduncles and capsules ranged between 1.2 and 28.6 mg plant-1. Four accessions yielded more than 20 mg of morphine plant-1. Among these, in one of the accessions about 13% of the morphine was contributed by the peduncle. The plants of high morphine yielding accessions were generally small in height, and bore white flowers and large sized ungrooved capsules with a small number of seeds, on a large peduncle. More... »

PAGES

315-322

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1008752805362

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1008752805362

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018954895


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