Pollution, Factor Taxation and Unemployment View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1998-07

AUTHORS

Erkki Koskela, Ronnie Schöb, Hans-Werner Sinn

ABSTRACT

When consumers choose between clean and dirty goods and the labour market clears, a green tax reform may not bring about a double dividend in the sense of increasing environmental quality and increasing employment. However, when firms choose between clean and dirty factors of production, and when there is unemployment, such a result is very likely to occur. The paper investigates a model of a monopolistic firm where labour and energy are factors of production and trade unions negotiate the wage rate, accepting some unemployment as a result of aggressive wage demands. It is shown that, in such a framework, a green tax reform will boost employment provided it does not increase the net-of-tax wage rate by too much. This is the case when the elasticity of substitution between labour and energy is greater than one, equal to one or not too far below one. More... »

PAGES

379-396

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1995-05. Environmental taxation and employment in DE ECONOMIST
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1008642512728

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1008642512728

    DIMENSIONS

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