Searle's Chinese Box: Debunking the Chinese Room Argument View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1997-05

AUTHORS

Larry Hauser

ABSTRACT

John Searle's Chinese room argument is perhaps the most influential andwidely cited argument against artificial intelligence (AI). Understood astargeting AI proper – claims that computers can think or do think– Searle's argument, despite its rhetorical flash, is logically andscientifically a dud. Advertised as effective against AI proper, theargument, in its main outlines, is an ignoratio elenchi. It musterspersuasive force fallaciously by indirection fostered by equivocaldeployment of the phrase "strong AI" and reinforced by equivocation on thephrase "causal powers" (at least) equal to those of brains." On a morecarefully crafted understanding – understood just to targetmetaphysical identification of thought with computation ("Functionalism"or "Computationalism") and not AI proper the argument is still unsound,though more interestingly so. It's unsound in ways difficult for high church– "someday my prince of an AI program will come" – believersin AI to acknowledge without undermining their high church beliefs. The adhominem bite of Searle's argument against the high church persuasions of somany cognitive scientists, I suggest, largely explains the undeserved reputethis really quite disreputable argument enjoys among them. More... »

PAGES

199-226

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1990-01. Is the brain's mind a computer program? in SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
  • 1990-01. Could a machine think? in SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
  • 1984-05. Programs, language understanding, and searle in SYNTHESE
  • 1993-02. The sense of ‘thinking’ in MINDS AND MACHINES
  • 1993-02. Because mere calculating isn't thinking in MINDS AND MACHINES
  • 1993-02. Why isn't my pocket calculator a thinking thing? in MINDS AND MACHINES
  • 1988. Syntactic Semantics: Foundations of Computational Natural-Language Understanding in ASPECTS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
  • 1988. The Pseudorealization Fallacy and the Chinese Room Argument in ASPECTS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
  • 1993-05. Reaping the whirlwind: Reply to Harnad's “other bodies, other minds” in MINDS AND MACHINES
  • 1986-09. What's really going on in Searle's “Chinese room” in PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1008255830248

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1008255830248

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034948286


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