Bidirectional Reflection Distribution Function of Thoroughly Pitted Surfaces View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1999-04

AUTHORS

Jan J. Koenderink, Andrea J. Van Doorn, Kristin J. Dana, Shree Nayar

ABSTRACT

We derive the BRDF (Bidirectional Reflection Distribution Function) at the mega scale of opaque surfaces that are rough on the macro and micro scale. The roughness at the micro scale is modeled as a uniform, isotropically scattering, Lambertian surface. At the macro scale the roughness is modeled by way of a distribution of spherical concavities. These pits influence the BRDF via vignetting, cast shadow, interreflection and interposition, causing it to differ markedly from Lambertian. Pitted surfaces show strong backward scattering (so called “opposition effect”). When we assume that the macro scale can be resolved, the radiance histogram and the spatial structure of the textons of the textured surface (at the mega scale) can be calculated. This is the main advantage of the model over previous ones: One can do exact (numerical) calculations for a surface geometry that is physically realizable. More... »

PAGES

129-144

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1996. Bidirectional reflection distribution function expressed in terms of surface scattering modes in COMPUTER VISION — ECCV '96
  • 1924-12. Zur Berechnung der Beleuchtungsstärke in ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR PHYSIK A HADRONS AND NUCLEI
  • 1995-04. Generalization of the Lambertian model and implications for machine vision in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER VISION
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1008061730969

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1008061730969

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